Brush out the damaged area with a wire brush to remove loose dirt and dust. Use a wet/dry vacuum or a can of condensed air to blow out dust particles. If necessary, chisel away loosened pieces of concrete with a chisel and hammer. The area must be completely clean before repairing Aside from a newer concrete spot on the surface one would never know anything was done. I sold a house for a client a few years back and the stairs (7 high) were pulling away at about 3 inches. Enough to get a small child's foot caught for sure. There was a company that came to reset them. It cost about $600 Repair Or Replace Pouring Concrete Steps Family Handyman. Repair Concrete Steps Pulling Away From House Mycoffeepot Org. Mud Jacking Slab Innovative Basement Authority. Caulking Concrete S Family Handyman. Repairs Rocha Construction Silver Spring Md. Precast Cement Stairs Bolted To Foundation Home Improvement
Repairing Concrete steps broken corner in PhiladelphiaDependable Concrete Contractor7715 Crittenden st Philadelphia Pa 19118215-821-9779www.Dependableconcret.. A hairline crack between a house and its cement steps is normal. But what causes a large gap? Concrete starts out as a pliable substance, then solidifies with age. Cement steps may pull away from the house at several stages of the concrete's life cycle . Take steps pulling away from the home seriously because there could be other issues going on that could cost you a lot more 1 Clean the damaged portion of the concrete step. Remove all loose gravel, sand, dirt, and cement with a clean, stiff wire brush. You can also tap lightly with a hammer or use a hammer and chisel
Stair-step cracks in brick, a sagging stoop or porch slab, and other visible signs may point to a more serious underlying issue. Why steps pull away, settle, or sag: Brick or stone installed on the sidewalk without proper footings, therefore the sidewalk can't sustain the weight of the steps. Rebar/steel not used in footings to support the steps Once the backer rod is in place the next step is to apply the concrete crack sealant. Note that there's another variety that is self-leveling, which I decided wasn't appropriate for my needs. My goal was to create a waterproof concave lip between the wall of the house and the patio and the self-leveling sealant obviously not designed for that Tip the wheelbarrow up, allowing the concrete to pour into the gap. Fill the gap completely, then smooth it with a trowel. Scrape up excess concrete as necessary, smooth again, then let dry for 24 hours. Clean out the separated area between the house and the concrete porch using a shop vacuum to remove all debris Remove nails, wood splinters, paint chips, or glue from the lower and upper sides; finish with a blast of compressed air. You're now ready to pull the stairs back together using 3/8″ threaded rod, carriage bolts, and threaded couplings. Start by drilling a 3/8″ hole in a block of hardwood
How To: Repair Concrete Steps Over time, as a result of constant foot traffic and the ravages of the elements, outdoor stairs can start to deteriorate If it's all wonky, like the rear dropped 3 inches and the front dropped 6, then mud-jacking (same as slab jacking -->drilling a hole and pressuring in concrete) won't work, because most of the cast steps I've seen are a hollow object sitting on a footer. Requires jacking up steps and digging and repairing. A fork lift is super helpful If the stoop is failing/settling AWAY from the house (on settled on the outside edge) then underpinning with 2 helical piers would be a cost effective way to stop the settlement. Typical costs for a front stoop repair are around $2,500-2,800. There are other factors to consider as well. How do you fix settling front porches If the steps are damp, the new concrete will adhere better. Tape off the areas where you do not want new or additional patching material. Tip: Consider the size of the crack when determining how to fix concrete steps. Thin cracks can be filled with masonry crack filler or concrete repair caulk and a caulk gun. Use the gun to force a thick bead. using (Rapid set, cement all) Mike shows his style of fixing, repairing, or patching a set of concrete steps. All my videos are my ways and ideas, I always s..
After every recent summer, there are large, three-quarter-inch cracks in the southeast interior wall of the porch. This is, no doubt, the porch pulling away from the house. Granular insulation from the porch attic is falling into the porch. The exterior east side of the porch usually pulls away by about 11/2 inches from the exterior house siding The PolyLevel® can return your concrete steps back to their original condition Eliminate trip hazards, close up cracks, and fix drainage problems with the PolyLevel® polyurethane expanding foam. Many concrete structures, not intended to carry heavy loads, are built without footings. Porch stoops and patios are two common examples . But think of the shape of the concrete. The straight backside against the house is about 3.5' from top to bottom. As the front of the stairs settles into the soil, and the top of that backside pulls away from the house, the bottom of that same backside is pushing AGAINST the house. That. Check out this video below to see a simple fix for a brick wall that began to pull away in areas from the home, was missing mortar, and more. When wall ties fail, your bricks may begin to pull away from your house. The Solution. One possible solution is to change and replace the failing wall ties yourself. Step 5: Install the repair.
At Anglin's Foundation & Masonry Repair, we are here to help homeowners and commercial property owners correct damage done by settling. As with any type of foundational issue, if your front porch is sinking or pulling away from your home it is imperative that you have it repaired as soon as possible The use of a concrete sealer can help to protect the step from these salts and chemicals. Your precast step should last 20, 30 even 40 years if taken care of properly. Take a look through our photo gallery to see the finished product and see why a precast concrete step would be a great choice for your home Many times foundations are back filled with rock that can settle and cause the separation for 20+ years , if this is the case and the gap is less than 3/4 inch I would use a latex caulk to seal it if larger I would contact professionals as suggested above. Share. Improve this answer. answered Oct 15 '15 at 2:39. Ed beal Concrete steps that have begun to sink pose a problem when it comes to repair. The reason the steps are sinking is that the subgrade beneath the steps has eroded. This can come from the influence of a high water table or from the subgrade not being properly prepared to withstand the weight of the steps Step 2: Clean Out the Debris with a Stiff Fiber or Wire Brush . Step 3: Fill the Crack with Patching Mix (also know as Vinyl Concrete) . Step 4: Address Any Pop-Outs . Step 5: Wet the Surface and Apply a Concrete Bonding Agent . Step 6: Pack a Small Amount of Anchoring Cement into the Hole
Posts: 6,800. Jayhawk Land. I have a customer whose ranch style house has a brick veneer front. Unfortunately, at some places on the front of the house, the bricks are pulling away from the structural wall behind the brick. It's like the stack of bricks are tilting away as the gap is larger at the top of the wall compared to the bottom 4. Moisten the void and the back of the stone with water. Use a masonry brush to dampen the surfaces until they are moist, but not dripping. Do not set a dry veneer stone. Dry surfaces absorb.
To repair and resurface concrete steps: Use a chisel and wire brush to rough up the surface and remove any loose concrete. Clean the surface thoroughly to remove any dust. To repair missing edges, make a wooden form to hold the concrete in place while it sets. Cover surfaces that will not be repaired with masking tape This is when anxiety sets in. Typically, the steps pull away from the porch and drop maybe 1/2 on one side and 1 or so on the other side. There might be a small crack between the steps and the porch as seen in this photo below: View fullsize. Steps separating from porch Your foundation repair solution should solve the problem, and be designed to address your home's unique conditions. We don't believe in a one-size-fits-all solution and will work with you to create an economical solution for you and your home. Give a call today at 757-301-4820 to schedule your free inspection Trust yourself and keep looking! Tip #3: Talk to experts in the field for validation. In this situation, once you gather your information, find reliable sources to check your facts. A good concrete raising expert will want to look at your sinking concrete steps in person or will ask you to send photos. A concrete raising expert will be able to.
In this instance, the porch was sinking and pulling away from the home. The gap between the windows and the brick facade has been closed. Helical piers are most often used when the porch is not a single layer of concrete, or when there is significant separation from the house. The example below is a clear example of this issue It may be an expansion gap, but I think it also serves as a way to allow any surface water to drain away rather than damaging the side of your house. Patios generally slope away from the building slightly for this reason, but a drainage gap between the patio and any buildings in a wise precaution anyway Im having concrete steps poured against the house, under patio doors. Approx 3 ft in height. Im installing pressure treated plywood, then house wrap around plywood and metal lath. Is this enough to protect the plywood from rot? Should there be a gap between house and concrete steps to allow air flow? If so, 1/2 inch or more . Remember, even if the edges aren't perfect, repairing the cracks before they get out of hand is the way to go. If you're working at the edge of a swimming pool, hold the container of concrete repair. A building contractor should be called in right away if the homeowner notices that an exterior wall is actually pulling away from the house. If this isn't fixed, the wall can collapse. If the homeowner has more than a few of these 10 warning signs of foundation problems are just a few, they need to get in touch with a building contractor
How to Fix a Gap Between the Driveway & Garage. The floor of your garage and your driveway are typically poured at different times in the construction process. Your garage floor is usually part of. Hi I have a small front porch with sliding doors approx. 60cm deep by 200cm wide. It has been in position for over 20 years but has now started to pull away from from main house leaving a little gap between the main wall and the side of the porch wall both sides, there is also a horizontal crack across the bricks where the letter box is fitted Step 6 Use a masonry brush to apply a thin coating of the Quick-Setting Cement and Acrylic Fortifier mixture. Step 7 Using a margin trowel, press the cement into the repair area using firm trowel pressure. Step 8 Continue to build and sculpt the Quick-Setting Cement so that the surface of the repair is above the surrounding concrete. Step Knock away the cracked and crumbling concrete around the hole. Also, try to flatten out the bottom of the hole to create a stable, level surface for the new patching material. Since a thicker patch is more likely to last a long time, try to make the hole up to 1 in (2.5 cm) deep if it isn't already deeper than that. [3
If you notice that the soil is pulling away from the foundation, your slab is at risk of cracking and causing much more damage. If you see any of these conditions, take action. As soils dry, they shrink. And soil is more likely to stick to soil than it is to concrete so it pulls away from the slab. That leaves the slab exposed and eventually. One common repair is re-establishing brick ties between brick wythes. Over time, forces from the building, water, foundation movement or possibly adding a heavy exterior finish like stucco to the outside wythe may help to pull the brick wythes apart from each other So, the clay soil in these spots dries out more than other points of your exterior walls. This soil shrinkage causes foundational movement. Get your foundation checked right away if you notice either of these symptoms: Stair-Step Crack. These step-like cracks can appear anywhere on the wall but usually start at the foundation Step 2: Apply the first coat. Use a mason's chisel and hammer to chip away any old stucco or loose material. Then use a finishing trowel to paint on the damaged area and repair cracks. This. To prevent the need for extensive house foundation repair, take a few minutes to learn to recognize the 8 signs that might mean that something is wrong with your foundation. After all, problems are very common and can prove costly. While foundation repair costs for slab and pier and beam foundations generally range from $4,000-$8,500 for an average-sized house, the price can be much higher if.
Demolition and reconstruction of the house using one or more of the above techniques and/or a stiffer/stronger footing system. Do it Right. I'm sad to say - unless slab heave damage is repaired correctly, it will come back again, and again, and again. Concrete slab repairs have to be done correctly Insurance is regulated on a state by state basis, and each company licensed to sell home insurance will have their own rules in addition to those imposed by law. In this case, however, most companies agree that your homeowners policy does not cover a sinking concrete porch Repair methods and solutions Common ways to repair a slab are to surface fill or inject with epoxy or polyurethane. Filling and bonding the slab back together with a high strength epoxy is a great way to seal the crack. However, the slab may still break open along the weak point - the fractured concrete along the crack itself where small. Brick Walls Pulling Away - Cracked Brick & Mortar When brick walls pull away, JSA of Atlanta is here to save the day with proper foundation repair and brick preservation. JSA Foundation Repair can help you avoid the inconvenience and expense that occur when you must match and replace sections of brick that pull away or fracture
If your concrete crack has grease on it visit your local hardware or auto parts store and ask them for a product that will help remove the residue. The crack I was working with was the result of the step and landing area pulling away from each other. It was a control joint that was purposely put in place to prevent cracks from occurring Photo 1: Loosen the siding. Pry the siding away from the house and remove the deck board that's over the ledger to clear the way for new flashing. Photo 2: Insert the flashing. Slide the flashing behind the siding so the lip covers the top of the ledger. Reattach the siding After a good power washing and removing any loose cement, we added 23 gallons of the Concrete RESTORE. The space is about 400 sq.ft. We bought the large 4 gallon buckets as well as the RESTORE roller. Attach the roller with a long handled paint roller and simply dump the concrete/paint mixture and roll it on The bottommost step and the bottom ends of the stringers are most susceptible to moisture-related problems, including water damage, rot, bug infestation, mold and mildew. Check the top of the steps or staircase to ensure it hasn't pulled away or slipped down from the deck frame
. Past techniques for repair of sunken concrete has varied. Wood, concrete, cement and steel have been poured, pushed, turned or somehow forced into the ground trying to salvage these foundations and slabs, while early on, anyone and everyone, trained or untrained, became experts at this type of repair This article provides the instructions and illustrations you'll need to learn how to do brick and mortar repairs (known as tuckpointing), replace a brick when it comes loose from a wall or chimney, repair crumbling concrete steps, fix a crack in a brick or concrete block wall, and fill pesky potholes in your driveway Step cracks occur in a stairstep pattern in mortar joints, often with large gaps and separation. Stone, brick or siding has pulled away from exterior doors and/or windows, leaving gaps. The chimney has cracked and/or is tilted or leaning off plumb. In the basement, cracks have appeared in poured concrete walls There's a wide ugly gap between my concrete outdoor patio slab and the slab my house is built on. I'm trying to determine whether to caulk the crack or fill it with some cement-based patching.
Not many people jump the gun to buy a house with an unlevel driveway, a stoop pulling from the house, or sinking/cracked floors. 3. Appearance. Concrete that is not level can cause ugly cracks not only in the slab itself but also on the structure that resting on top of that slab: brick, drywall, plaster, iron and any other material. 4 Porches are subject to the insidious force of all weathers, from driving rain and bleaching sun to wind-driven snow and high humidity. If not kept in good repair using water-resistant materials and strategically applied coats of paint, the key elements of a porch—floors, framing, posts, railings, and decorative elements—will deteriorate quickly. Two Reasons Original Porches [ Concrete Patch & Repair WoodScapes ® Exterior House Stains See All Shop by Product Family Loss of caulk's initial adhesion and flexibility causing painted caulk to crack and/or pull away. Caulk - Paint Cracking or Crawling. The cracking of the paint film over a caulked area Start at the edge of the porch and work toward the house until the board pops loose. If necessary, chisel out the end nearest the house, and pull any nails left in the framing. Repeat these steps on the remaining damaged boards. Then scrape clean the exposed tongues and grooves of the old boards with a 5—in—1 tool. Step 4
Step 4 - Waterproofing the Brick Wall. Get a mortar sealant that has siloxanes or silanes and fill a paint sprayer with it. Most hardware stores carry the item so you can easily purchase one. Spray the whole brick veneer surface with it. Read the label of the sealant product to find the recommended curing time for it 5-feb-2015 - Bij het kopen van een woning, kan je met allerhande gebreken geconfronteerd worden. Wat kan je daar tegen doen Shrinkage cracks in poured concrete foundations are normal. They happen while the concrete cures within the first year after construction, generally do not change over time, and are mostly harmless. However, when cracks appear years after your home is built, or grow longer or wider over time, it usually means something is moving, i.e. Foundation Repair of CA also offers SealantPro and NexusPro for seamless concrete. SealantPro bonds with the concrete on the molecular level and will increase your concretes life by 3 to 5 times. NexusPro gives your driveway, pool deck, or slab the finished, complete look you want by repairing all the cracks with a formula that will never.
Old paint can chip, flake or peel, leaving behind cracks and small holes. This can't just be painted over without causing future problems. You'll need a paint scraper, wire brush, sandpaper and a primer.Depending on the size of the repair, use drop cloths or a tarp to protect floors. Prepare the area for follow-up painting by removing or covering furniture . The stairs still feel sturdy but it doesn't look great, and I am nervous I will drop my keys or my phone down there one day. I don't plan on living in this house much longer, but I was hoping this could be a fairly simple DIY Many concrete crack fillers, sometimes called masonry crack fillers, are designed for cracks up to 1/4-inch wide. Look for a product with a flexible formulation, so it will move with the old concrete and not pull away from it when it freezes and thaws
Q. My concrete driveway has eight large slabs. The driveway slopes down from my garage to the street. The straight-line gaps between the slabs has enlarged, and some cracks are as wide as 2 inches. The house has been lifted a total of 12. Notice how the dirt along the back has lifted up with the house; a full 12. Any plants, gate posts, or other objects next to the house would have been lifted, and would tilt away from the house. It is time for our crews to start the clean up. This is where it all starts coming together The outside corner of the poured concrete porch is curving up lifting the post that's supporting the roof. There's no tree or roots that could be to blame. The brickwork under the porch that connects back to the house looks fine with no cracks. Gravity should be pulling the concrete down, not going up in the air
How to fill gaps between stairs and w. There is a gap between my concrete stairs leading to my house and the exterior wall. The gap is about 1-inch. My questions are: (1) what sort of backing material would you recommend using so that when I fill the gap, I have something to push the filling material against? Shovel the concrete inside the forms, starting with the bottom step and working up. Tap the sides of the forms and risers with a hammer and jab a 2x4 up and down in the mix to drive air bubbles out. Give the concrete enough time to settle between the rubble pieces, and add more concrete if needed. Advertisement Here are six ways to diagnose foundation settlement, so you can get it fixed before it causes a major problem. 1. Slanted mortar joints. Vintage Happy. The best and easiest way to spot foundation settlement is to measure off of mortar joints. If you watch a mason work, you'll notice they are constantly using a level Chimney or Porch Pulling Away from the House Often, an early sign of foundation issues begin with the chimney or porch separating from the structure. This can be just the foundation under the chimney, or it may be an indication that the home is moving. Either way, this is a good time to call Ram Jack. Older Home
A member of Angie's List stated they were getting quotes which ranged from $300 to $600 for a repair to as much as $1,200 to $2,200 for a full replacement. Installing the concrete steps. The process, as long as no obstacles are present, will begin by excavating to lay the groundwork for the concrete steps Subsidence: how to deal with structural movement. Subsidence is one of the scariest words that can appear on a survey. Discover the signs and solutions. Subsidence might be your first fear when cracks mysteriously appear from nowhere. And while you will know that living with wonky walls and the occasional sticking door is part of the 'old. The people on the board of the HOA should accept their responsibility to repair all exterior defects, including foundation problems. Their logic in denying this obligation could be applied to. TIP: unsound or flaking concrete can be removed by using a hammer and chisel or with a masonry grinding disk and a portable drill. Step 2. Scrub and clean the surface of the repair area with a stiff bristle brush. Step 3. Thoroughly rinse the repair area after cleaning
Why Use A-1 to Caulk your Concrete Cracks & Joints. Hiring A-1 will mean the caulking will be done right the first time; We use only the best caulk assuring the caulk will last for years to come; Caulk will be the finishing touches to a complete concrete repair solution (don't level your concrete, and then leave a last, key step undone Below you will find pricing on some of our most popular products. If you do not see the item you are interested in listed, please call us at (504) 488-2639, and we'll be happy to assist you with all of your needs! **All pricing is FOB New Orleans at our l
Damaged masonry block foundations & walls: How to Inspect & Diagnose Concrete Block Foundation Cracks, Leans, Bows, Settlement. This article explains concrete block or cinder block or concrete masonry unit (CMU) foundation inspection procedures and the diagnosis of cracks, bulges, leaning, bowing, and settlement in concrete block foundations and building walls such as damage due to impact. The same thing happens if fill was placed for the addition because of a natural slope away from the house - instead of excavating to a uniform depth to get down to suitable soil and provide a uniform fill thickness under the addition (hence uniform settlement), most contractors only excavate to suitable soil conditions over the entire surface. 2) apply some glue, pull the riser into place and clamp overnight. 3) drive a small finishing nail into the step at an angle to reinforce the glue. Still using the loop and clamp to hold riser in place. 4) remove loop, fill hole and paint riser The sides of the ditch should flare out to extend 3-4 times the depth (like a channel) 7. Plan concrete structures carefully. Landscaping paths, patios, driveways and sidewalks made of concrete should be designed to direct water runoff away from your foundation. Stagnant water is bad for your home's foundation A step crack is horizontal and vertical cracking between the cinder blocks or bricks; the crack line can look like steps. These types of cracks allow water to get into the basement
BQ Basement Systems is your trusted basement waterproofing, crawl space, concrete lifting, & foundation repair contractor serving Philadelphia, Allentown, Norristown, Greater Philadelphia, the Delaware Valley & Lehigh Valley. Free price estimates - contact us today Step by Step. The worst of the subfloor damage was found with a foot going through the floor. It didn't take much to dig up some of the flooring, plywood underlayment and the 3/4-in. shiplap that served as the subfloor. Pulling back more of the underlayment revealed that the water-fueled damage spread more than eight feet along the wall Jan 26, 2019 - Explore JoshDev Blalock's board Front steps, followed by 132 people on Pinterest. See more ideas about house exterior, front steps, house front If you entertain outdoors or just use your house like the average person does, making a mess on the concrete is a fact of life whether nature, your guests or you are responsible. Take a deep breath and don't stress. We've identified the most common household concrete stains and removal methods to try before turning to more drastic measures Having reinforced concrete or a hard-to-reach slab or section also increases your expenses. If the concrete has to be moved long distances by hand in a wheelbarrow, expect higher costs. Concrete Removal vs Repair . Not all concrete that is cracked or in rough shape needs to be removed. Some concrete may be resurfaced or patched
How to Repair Roof Flashing. Small holes or corroded spots in flashing can be easily repaired. Plug pinholes with roofing cement, and patch holes up to about 3/4 inch in diameter with a patch from the same material as the flashing. First roughen the area around the hole with a wire brush or sandpaper, and then clean it Step 1 - Digging. The most common cause of water seeping under the slab is a high water table. You must direct water away from the house. Dig so the ground around the house slopes away from the foundation. You should also dig an 18-inch trench away from the house which leads to a lower area. Continue reading below Our Video of the Day
Diagnose & Evaluate Step Cracks in Concrete Block Walls / Foundations Angular cracks / step cracking in concrete block, brick or other CMU walls, Diagonal foundation or wall cracks in concrete block or other CMU walls & foundations, diagnosis & repair: This chapter of the Foundation Crack Bible discusses in detail the process of evaluating stair-stepped or diagonal cracking and related signs. A cracked concrete pool shell is one of the worst case scenarios for a concrete pool (other than popping out of the ground, and yes a concrete pool can pop out of the ground). Any problems with the shell of a concrete pool are ones you want to avoid, and while cracking is the ultimate concern, there are also other concerns with concrete pool.
Concrete Leveling & Concrete Repair in Morrisville, PA! Your local Morrisville PolyLevel® contractor is BQ Basement Systems. PolyLevel® is a less abrasive and cost-saving alternative to concrete lifting & leveling. The entire concrete lifting process is less destructive and offers numerous benefits over typical slab raising methods Step 1 - Radon easily flows through opening, voids, holes, joints, and cracks in the basement. As required by all mitigation methods, seal or caulk (polyurethane) all such openings airtight. For permanent solutions, please review our line of crack and joint repair kits: Step 2 - Concrete is porous Concrete. Concrete is the most commonly used pool coping material that has been the preferred choice for several decades. This timeless appearance provides a smooth transition between the pool deck and the coping itself. If your main goal is to give the pool a cleaner appearance without a break in the finish, concrete is the preferred option
Then use two screw drivers to wiggle and pry the first paver up. For stubborn pavers that may have polymeric joint sand, you may have to use a power angle grinder to remove the sand or in the worst case, cut the paver in half. Just make sure you have a spare paver. Next, remove some of the leveling base sand to see what's going on underneath Concrete Patio Repair Costs. Fixing cracks, holes, pitting and performing proactive resurfacing and sealing avoids complete patio replacement costs of about $3,500.Filling cracks and holes are simple projects that only costs between $5 to $100.You can DIY the fix or hire a professional for as little as $300.Large repairs, where cement has sunk, cracked, or needs replacement, will cost about $5. Get a yardstick and some measuring tape. Have someone hold the tape at the level of the ground right next to the bottom edge of where the foundation meets the soil, then spool it out until you're 10 feet away from the house. Doing your best to keep the measuring tape level with the soil next to the house, stand the yardstick up at the 10-foot. How much concrete repair should cost. Average costs and comments from CostHelper's team of professional journalists and community of users. Patching a concrete driveway, patio, walkway or basement/garage floor can be a fairly straightforward do-it-yourself project. Patching compounds can cost $3-$10 for a small tube, tub or pail; or $5-$30 for a larger bucket or bag, depending on the quantity.
Concrete Repair Services, LLC P.O. Box 1591 Brookfield, WI 53008 Outdoor Arts Landscape 6 Cobblestone Court Madison , WI 53714 F.C. Price Corp. 2535 Energy Dr. East Troy , WI 5312 If you can see small round dimples (about the size of a shirt button) scattered along a straight line it is a sign that your drywall is pulling away from the nails thus the dimples. . Because drywall can warp significantly and the fact that nails can pull through the drywall without causing a hole or dimple in the overlying plaster these visual.