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Methods and techniques used in culvert construction

Construction Methodology of Box Culvert. Box Culvert is a reinforced concrete structure used as drainage under the road work. In other words, It is a small structure of less than 6m span between faces of abutments. On the other hand, minor bridge, if the length of the span is greater than 6m. The above figure shows the section span of the culvert Culvert is defined as a tunnel structure constructed under roadways or railways to provide cross drainage or to take electrical or other cables from one side to other. It is totally enclosed by soil or ground. Pipe culvert, box culvert and arch culvert are the common types used under roadways and railways Work procedures for construction of culvert described as below. 5.1. Excavation for construction of half culvert will be done by arranging all traffic sign board as per the road work traffic control manual. The Engineer will be requested to inspect & approve th • Two-stage fish-friendly construction may be impractical on a ct a single box culvert. • The need to form a base slab makes it difficult to constru single cell box culvert in streams with a high base-flow, e: specially when fish passage must not be interrupted. Multi-cell pipe culvert . • Allow for two-stage construction and the use of. This Task D document contains the best practices guidelines for replacement, rehabilitation and repair methods for deteriorating culverts. An overview of replacement methods is provided. Rehabilitation and repair methods are discussed in more detail. The methods discussed are the most common culvert rehabilitation and repair methods

Construction Methodology of Box Culvert - CivilYar

  1. Description. The culvert is a small cross drainage structure having a span length of six meters or less between the inner face of the wall. It may be like a bridge designed to allow carrier or pedestrian traffic to cross over the stream providing adequate clearance from high flood level
  2. It is used in special cases, weak foundation. Arch Culvert. An arch culvert is made up of metal, stone masonry, concrete, RCC etc. Construction does not take a lot of time and unlike box culvert, water diversion is not necessary, as it can be installed without disturbing the water current. Thus, it can be termed as a Low Profile Culvert
  3. Under-the-Road Methods: Underpasses, Culverts and Other 'Tunnels' Many studies show that a wide range of bat species use underpasses to fly beneath roads (e.g. Bach et al. 2004; Kerth and Melber 2009; Boonman 2011; Abbott et al. 2012a; Berthinussen and Altringham 2012b)
  4. environmental-effect-causing activities only; it is not intended to describe the precise construction method that may ultimately be used nor is it intended to dictate or confine the construction process. Where a variety of alternative construction methods or techniques could be utilized, the analysis evaluates th
  5. g and joining techniques. These barns were gradually replaced during the first decades of the 20th century when new construction techniques became popular (see next page for light wood frame). Construction with heavy timber frame was also used in warehouses, where the heavy loads of stationary goods required good support
  6. The machine has the ability to construct a box culvert pipeline safely and quickly even if the cross section of the cutting face becomes large and the cover is limited. The impact on the neighbouring environment can be significantly reduced. The use of this machine for infrastructure construction in Japan is slowly but surely increasing

What is Culvert? Its Types, Materials and Location - The

product of industry experience and practice. The methods used to install corrugated steel pipe can affect both its effectiveness and useful life. The situations described in this publication and the suggested techniques for installation are general sugges-tions and guidelines intended to alert installers to the need fo Appendix A4.1 - Typical Construction Methods 1 Typical Construction Methods 1.1 Introduction 1.1.1 This Appendix provides an outline of typical construction methods and plant likely to be used for the main roadworks, structures including bridges, and environmental mitigation works for the AWPR. 1.2 Roadworks Establishment of the Site Compoun A culvert is an opening through an embankment for the conveyance of water by mean of pipe or an enclosed channel. OR It is a transverse and totally enclosed drain under a road or railway. Pipe culverts are made of smooth steel, corrugated metal, or concrete material. Their primary purpose is to convey water under roads, although a variety of wildlife use them a

When designing culverts, construction and future maintenance requirements must be considered with appropriate treatments incorporated into the design. Some guidance with respect to construction requirements and methods can be found within various departmental standard drawings and specifications Three basic construction techniques are commonly used: side cast fills and/or wasting, full bench construction with end haul, and balanced road sections with excavation incorporated into layered fills (Figure 110). Side cast and wasting traditionally has been the most common construction method

P3 Describe methods and techniques used in culvert construction, underpass construction and provision for utilities.. P4 Identify the hazards, risks and safety arrangements for excavations, working in confined spaces, working on structures and for working within temporary works on highways A method of constructing underpass across railway and highway includes the steps of excavating a traction ditch on one side of the road foundation and a launching ditch on the other; building a traction wall with traction holes therein against the road foundation in the traction ditch; and sequentially tracting a precast box culvert one after another through perforating, anchoring and jack. Construction project managers are using a different kind of methods and techniques to accomplish project's objectives in pre-construction and post construction period. Project management tools assist for the effective planning and completion of tasks under the all work progress

In the cable-stayed method of construction, cables are used to carry the bridge deck from one or both sides of the supporting tower. The cables carry and transfer all the loads to the foundations. Cable-stayed method of construction is used for constructing bridges that span more than 300m. Read More: Cable Stayed Method of Bridge Construction Construction Techniques Building with Masonry. Throughout the Middle Ages, the most prestigious and durable edifices—castles, churches, and palaces—were built of stone.However, the loss of the Roman formula for concrete (a mixture of water, lime, and pozzolanic sand akin to modern Portland cement, to which a coarse aggregate of rubble and broken pottery was added) and its replacement in. 1 Know the methods commonly used to perform earthwork activities and control groundwater 2 Understand the methods and techniques used in civil engineering substructures 3 Understand the methods and techniques used in civil engineering superstructures 4 Understand health and safety issues associated with civil engineering construction activities

Here's a look at five techniques that are having the greatest impact on sustainable building construction. The intent of any sustainable project is to divert construction, demolition and land. The construction area within the dam is pumped out or otherwise dewatered after the dam is built, and kept relatively dry until construction work is completed. Temporary diversion methods can be divided into two groups of practices based on primary function: those which divert the entire stream or those which divert only part of the stream

Methods for Making. There is often a choice of method to use when constructing features such as pockets, tabs, collars, cuffs, and plackets, or when inserting zips or adding a facing. The designer will need to consider fabric type and weight and whether the construction technique is also to be decorative This method of substructure construction is most sensitive to tolerance requirements since it supports the entire bridge. The substructure work consists of the following components: Foundations: Use of grouting methods for improving foundation soil.. Abutments: Use of semi-integral and integral abutments, with a single row of piles.. Retaining walls: Use of three-sided precast wall culverts.

techniques were first used by the department to stabilize a cut backslope on Highway 68, in the Kananaskis Country, and also to stabilize streambanks and culvert inlets at a number of stream crossings along Highway 40 and the Forestry Trunk Road, south o Programmes or schedules and operations at the construction site may be confirmed by the use of a number of methods by the manager. The first method is the use of bar charts. This is the easiest and simplest method to confirm programmes, and I have severally used it at my working place Photo 9.3 Culvert outlet Photo 9.4 Culvert outlet 9.1.3 Concepts and Definitions The following are discussions of important concepts in culvert design: Backfill - material used to refill the trench after the pipe and embedment have been placed. Barrel Roughness - a function of the material used to fabricate the barrel. Typical materials includ Culvert Replacement the two different techniques that MaineDOT used to maintain water flow. Pump diversions are the most common method used to maintain downstream flow and are utilized on ~90 % of small stream crossing replacement projects. Bypass channels are limited by the topography of th construction techniques can lead to premature failure of drainage systems, embankments, and surfacing. The scope of this section is limited to the earthwork associated with the installation of culverts and storm drains. TRENCH EXCAVATION AND BEDDING For all types of drainage structures, the trench must be at least 18 inches wider than th

A Ring/Pipe Culvert. Procedure for construction of a common Ring/Pipe Culvert (road junction culvert) includes; I. Marking Of Alignment: -. The surveyor marked out the alignment for the trench to be dug. II. Digging/Excavation: The surveyor marked out the dept of the culvert to be excavated with an excavating machine This method is used on gravity sewers, highway and drainage culverts, outfall lines, force mains, water mains, etc. to prevent infiltration into surrounding soil and to restore structural integrity of the pipe. Cured-in-Place Pipe. Cured-in-place pipe is a sturdy liner placed inside a pipe rather than a pipe within a pipe. The main advantage of. The basic principles of construction technology have not changed for hundreds of years. However, the materials and techniques used to achieve these basic principles are constantly evolving; to enable the construction industry to deliver better quality buildings. Scarcity of resources and the continuing demand of more sophisticate The methods and techniques that would be used to construct the Preferred Alternative are described below. Figure 3-1 provides an overview of the construction methods that would be used for the Preferred Alternative. -2a and 3-2bFigures 3 show more detailed views of th EIA Methods and Techniques (Impact Identification) Md. Esraz-Ul-Zannat or in the form of entrepreneurial services for construction and operational activities? Mitigation Measures 13. Be likely to require mitigation measures that may result in •It excludes detail of techniques used to predict impacts

Here's a look at five techniques that are having the greatest impact on sustainable building construction. The intent of any sustainable project is to divert construction, demolition and land. CONSTRUCTION OF INSITU CONCRETE CULVERTSA culvert is a drain or pipe that allows water to flow under a road or a railroad. It can be made from concrete or corrugated metal pipes, PVC drain pipes, Corrugated Polyethylene Drainage Tubing Drain Pipe or corrugated polyethylene Drain Pipe.This form of culvert is cast on site unlike the prefabricated culvertsProcedureAfte to use the land for recreational purposes, alternative economic land uses, or a strong sense of land stewardship among East Texas landowners. The desire for information re-garding wetland management for ecological services is growing among landowners. While basic wetland development concepts and techniques are relatively straightfor

Civil Projects: Method Statement for Culvert Constructio

  1. Sustainable construction also promotes sustainability and efficient energy use. With renewable energy construction on the rise, coupled with sustainable construction methods, more people are beginning to see the importance and efficiency of using sustainable methods.It also sends a clear message to the industry and everywhere else: sustainability is viable and important
  2. The list of construction methods covers the processes and techniques used in the construction process. The construction method is essential for civil engineers; utilizing it appropriately can help to achieve the desired results. The term building refers to the creation of physical structures such as buildings, bridges or railways. One of the four types of buildings is residential and building.
  3. Alternative Techniques The old saying goes the more things change, the more they stay the same. This adage, in many ways, can be applied to the discussion of riverbank stabilization. As technologies and techniques have advanced in finding ways to secure our land from the constant ravages of erosion, w
  4. Repair Techniques The most commonly used technique among respondents is sliplining, used in Illinois, Indiana, New York and Ohio. Some respondents provided more detail than others about the specific method of sliplining used, with Indiana reporting the use of profile wall high-density polyethylene, smooth steel liners, spiral-wound liners an

  1. 8 Modern Building Construction Techniques May 17, 2018 - Uncategorized. Building construction methods have experienced significant facelift in recent times with innovative technologies being harnessed optimally for improving the qualitative index of buildings
  2. The purpose of this chapter is to discuss the various trenchless methods of construction and rehabilitation. This chapter does not describe each trenchless method in great detail; rather, it provides the designer with a general description of the various construction methods available and the applications and limitations of each method
  3. A culvert conveys surface water through a roadway embankment or away from the highway right-of-way (ROW) or into a channel along the ROW. In addition to the hydraulic function, the culvert must also support construction and highway traffic and earth loads; therefore, culvert design involves both hydraulic and structural design

Construction Of Cross Drainage Structure Box Culvert

  1. With quite a number of innovations pouring in the field of sustainable construction techniques, it is still a raw stage to experiment further. In case you are aware of any construction technique, that save on energy consumption and lowers the carbon footprint as compared to conventional construction methods, please share below in comments
  2. methods and techniques that will be used when crossing streams, rivers, and wetlands. For pipeline crossings of streams or creeks utilizing conventional open-cut trenching techniques, two (2) plans are proposed for sediment control in the stream or creek bed
  3. It is a process in which the prepared concrete is poured below the water surface by using suitable methods. Underwater Construction Techniques: Caissons Cofferdams Underwater Concreting Placement Methods Tremie Pump Method Toggle Bags Bag Works Caissons Permanent structure. Large hollow structure that is sunk down through the earth Used in the construction of bridge piers,
  4. • labour-based methods of construction and manufacture where labour, utilising hand tools and light equipment, is preferred to the use of heavy equipment for specific activities; and • labour-based technologies where there is a shift in balance between labour and equipment in the way the work is specified and executed for selected works.
  5. The highway sector is perhaps the most conservative segment of the construction industry. Although highway contractors have implemented many new construction technologies, owner contracting methods have until recently remained the same. The traditional approach to contracti ng for highway construction projects has been design -bid -build
  6. Means and Methods of Construction — a term used in construction to describe the techniques and tactics (usually temporary structures) a contractor employs to complete construction of a permanent project or structure. In some cases, these activities may require design or engineering elements; the rigging of scaffolding for a particular purpose.
  7. Treatment methods are divided into those for soil remediation and for surface and groundwater remediation. Further categorization results in the consideration of biological, chemical, and physical treatment techniques, with methods alphabetized within categories. Eighteen methods are reviewed that pertain to the remediation of soils (Table 1)

Highways serve as the lifeline of a developing nation. Even in the developed nations, highways play an important role in connecting cities and establishing an industrial link between two or more places. Highway construction and engineering is comprised of planning, designing, and executing. Construction of highway does not mean construction of roads only, but it includes various aspects like. These are the several materials used in advanced construction techniques and equipments such as. 35. FLY ASH BRICKS Fly ash bricks are building materials containing class c fly ash. In India, the fly ash was first used in rihad dam which is located at Pipri sonbhadra district in uttar Pradesh. The composition of fly ash bricks are fly ash, lime.

Jacked-box tunnelling is a non-invasive technique for constructing a new underpass, culvert or subway beneath existing infrastructure, such as highways and railways Access Construction Materials, Methods and Techniques 3rd Edition Chapter 20 solutions now. Our solutions are written by Chegg experts so you can be assured of the highest quality Construction Contingency - A standardized markup applied to the construction cost of a project that accounts for uncertainties in quantities, unit costs, and minor risk events that typically take place during construction. Refer to the . Plans Preparation Manual, Section 800.03, for guidance on estimating construction contingency Some of the flow devices used to protect road culverts include: large fence systems, diversion dams, or fence and pipe flow devices. Which method is best suited to protect a culvert is dependent upon site specific characteristics such as roadbed height and composition, tolerable water depth upstream of the road, stream flow, potential for.

Culvert - Types of Culvert - Details & Advantages - Civil

METHODS AND TECHNIQUES USED IN SIGNIFICANT RESTORATION PROJECTS IN QATAR 3. locality of Madinat ash Shamal, and it is reachable vi a. the Al-Khor Coastal Road and Al Shamal Road. A campaign of. Architecture - Architecture - Techniques: The techniques of architecture in the sense that they will be considered here are simply the methods by which structures are formed from particular materials. These methods are influenced not only by the availability and character of materials but also by the total technological development of society, for architecture depends on an organized labour. The techniques used for this type is dependent on factors like the purpose, ground conditions, number of obstructions, and so on. Basement Excavation. Basement is typically the area below the ground level. This type of excavation is used when the construction is to be done at least partially below the ground level Construction methods are available to cope with both cohesive and non-cohesive soils in dry or ducts and culverts. Powerful hydraulic jacks are used to In many cases use of pipe jacking techniques instead of open trenching wil

This method is generally used in highway or airport construction. Sand drains prove very effective in marshy soils. Soil becomes marshy when the thick layers of clay and the silts are deposited with the organic matter for the long interval of time. Marshy soil is subjected to capillarity, and it has a high pore water pressure This method can only be used for steel pipes because of the percussive nature of the installation. The ranges of pipe size that can be installed using this method are limited from 2 to 55. Impact Moling. Also known as the compression method, the installation is carried out by pushing or pulling the pipe through the borehole created by a mole Wright, Frank Lloyd: Innovative Techniques and Styles. From the beginning Wright practiced radical innovation both as to structure and aesthetics, and many of his methods have since become internationally current. At a time when poured reinforced concrete and steel cantilevers were generally confined to commercial structures, Wright did pioneer.

Under-the-Road Methods: Underpasses, Culverts and Other

When it comes to building a home, the list of available construction methods ranges from well-known and widely used, such as stick-built homes made of wood, to techniques steadily gaining popularity like light-gauge steel-framing, to age-old methods like earthen-block construction and masonry that are used in specialty projects The Best Project Management tool for Businesses. Use it for personal or team productivity. nTask offer unlimited workspaces, tasks, teams and projects. Get Started for Free. Given below are some of the most noteworthy project management techniques that are commonly used in the industry right now. 1 4.2 Overview of Aquaculture Methods and Practices. A number of aquaculture practices are used world-wide in three types of environment (freshwater, brackishwater, and marine) for a great variety of culture organisms. Freshwater aquaculture is carried out either in fish ponds, fish pens, fish cages or, on a limited scale, in rice paddies Construction stormwater practices - temporary stream crossing. A temporary steam crossing is a structure designed for short-term (typically less than one year) use that is installed across a watercourse to allow construction vehicles to safely cross without damaging the stream bed or channel. They may also be referred to as temporary access.

9. Construction Planning 9.1 Basic Concepts in the Development of Construction Plans. Construction planning is a fundamental and challenging activity in the management and execution of construction projects. It involves the choice of technology, the definition of work tasks, the estimation of the required resources and durations for individual tasks, and the identification of any interactions. Predictive analytics techniques are primarily based on statistical methods. Several factors call for developing new statistical methods for big data. First, conventional statistical methods are rooted in statistical significance: a small sample is obtained from the population and the result is compared with chance to examine the significance of.

New methods for box culvert pipeline construction

Culvert Design Aculvert is a closed conduit under a roadway or embankment used to maintain flow from a natural channel or drainage ditch. A culvert should convey flow without causing damaging backwater, excessive flow constriction, or excessive outlet velocities. There are culverts for: conveyance fish passage (HM Chapter 3-3.1 and HM Chapter 7 as are construction methods, maintenance requirements, and inspection procedures. A few of the more significant differences between bridges and culverts are: Hydraulic Culverts are usually designed to operate at peak flows with a submerged inlet to improve hydraulic efficiency. The culvert constricts the flow of the stream to caus B. CULVERT SIZING METHODS (EXAMPLES) Method 1. the RAtIoNAL Method oF eStIMAtING 100-YeAR FLood dISChARGe The most commonly used technique for estimating 100-year flood discharges from small ungaged forested water-sheds is the Rational Method. This method is based on the equation: Q 100 = CIA 343 ANDB FR FREST, RANC AND RURAL ROAD Box Culverts: These culverts are preferred for construction, especially in loose soil condition, and for a larger span. These can be used for a single span of 3 m or for a double span of 6 m width. Practically, it has been found that the box culverts are not economical, when span width exceeds 6 in

Culvert Definition, Types of Culverts And Materials used

CHAPTER 6: INSTALLATION AND CONSTRUCTION This chapter provides information on the handling and installation of corrugated polyethylene pipe and fittings in non-pressure applications including most sewers, culverts and subdrainage systems. All types of pipe, regardless of material, must be installed as specified to perform as expected Method of Measurement for Structural Excavations. Measurement of Structural excavation will be limited to excavation for foundation for bridges, retaining walls, box culverts or cross sectional area exceeding 1 sq. mtr, box culvert wing walls, head walls, toe walls and aprons, manholes, pump houses and sub-stations. For box culverts 1 sq. mtr.

Chapter 6 Road Construction Technique

The trench remixing and deep wall (TRD) method is a process for excavation and in situ mixing. The TRD method has been widely employed in Japan Utilizes a large revolving chain and cutter bar, which is lowered down to design depth of the cutoff wall and then moved in horizontal directio Cellular cofferdams are typically used on larger scale projects, and construction can be a major undertaking. A cellular cofferdam often serves to provide a large work area. Constructing a cellular cofferdam is done by driving sheet piles in a circular pattern, and then repeating this process adjacent to the original to form a series of. 5 helpful communication methods for any construction site. Posted on August 23, 2018 March 1, 2021 by . Clear communication is a general contractor's key to improving safety, productivity, organization and cost-effectiveness on the job. It's crucial to establish helpful communication methods for any construction site Use local, natural and sustainable materials and sustainable construction techniques. Look out for the Forest Stewardship Council's trademark on timber and wood products indicating that wood comes from a sustainably managed forest. Use renewable or recycled materials to benefit the environment

FM 5-430-00-1 Chptr 9 Road DesignUnderwater Construction | Underwater ConstructionJacked Structures - Box Jacking

Although many of these techniques rely on the small-scale use of local materials, it is possible that ancient construction methods may be applicable to large-scale structures as well Construction Materials, Methods, and Techniques: Building for a Sustainable Future $159.95 Only 15 left in stock (more on the way). Explore the most up-to-date green and sustainable methods for residential and commercial building construction as well as the latest materials, standards, and practices with CONSTRUCTION MATERIALS, METHODS AND. needed. Reverse mapping is another method used especially in rock cut architecture. This method has been extensively used in India, in the caves of Ajanta and Ellora(fig 1d [6]) The name itself explains, that the complete chiseling process takes place, from top to bottom, with predetermined plot Precast culvert always reduces construction time; however, when larger opening sizes are required, cast-in-situ box culvert are preferred. Types of Culverts: 1.Pipe culvert (single or multiple): Pipe culvert is widely used as they are round in shape, it can be single or multiple if a single pipe culvert is used, then a larger diameter culvert.

This is commonly used where surface disturbance must be kept to a minimum, such as in the construction of urban drainage systems. Kramer defines microtunnelling as 'those methods that install pipes with a diameter of less than 36 inches (900mm) to a predetermined line and level by remotely controlling the cutting head.'(Kramer et al. 1992 Prehistoric Construction Techniques. The earliest examples of stone masonry in both the 'Old' and 'New' worlds demonstrates a high skill level, something which is often suggested as being a result of the existing knowledge of carpentry at the transition in working from wood to stone. This idea is borne out somewhat in Egypt where for example. These 6 methods for measuring project progress are commonly used in Construction project management and filter into a process of determining a percentage complete for the project as a whole using Earned Value Management. Which of these methods do you use the most on your projects? 1 Source: Del Pico, Wayne J. (2013). brings construction into the modern age by transferring production to the factory. With greater quality control and more efficient use of materials and labour, employing manufacturing techniques will boost productivity, enabling faster scheme delivery with less risk of programme disruption on site. With scale, costs can b

MSE Earth Retaining Wall Option Saves Money, Time and

Kansas Department of Transportation Bridge Construction Manual Version 5/13 KDOT Bridge Section 2.0 - Contractor Construction Staking - 1 2.0 Contractor Construction Staking 2.1 General Items, Equipment & Methods The goal of construction staking is to produce a structure that is located both vertically and hori Quality Glossary Definition: Seven tools of quality The Old Seven. The First Seven. The Basic Seven. Quality pros have many names for these seven basic tools of quality, first emphasized by Kaoru Ishikawa, a professor of engineering at Tokyo University and the father of quality circles.Start your quality journey by mastering these tools, and you'll have a name for them too: indispensable Culverts Culverts are typically used for forest road stream crossings but can also be used for skid trail crossings. While culverts are readily available and can be a relatively inexpensive method, a major disadvantage of culverts is that they require disturbance in the stream channel. That includes placing fill materia 60079129-Method-Statements-of-Road-Works (1) List of Method Statements of Road Works List of Method Statements of Road works is define general idea of works, how to carry out. When it is preparing for the certain project it has to be considered that Standard Specification for that particular project or work. 1. Method Statement for Survey Work 2 Improvements in the tecnique used for cutting stones led to the construction of walls with stones having the same size (Isodomum - Vitruvius - De Architectura). In order to strengthen the wall, blocks were placed alternately with the longer side (stretchers) or the shorter side (headers) on the face of the wall ( opus quadratum )

JingoliApplications Gallery | International Erosion Control SystemsRoads & Pavements

sediment control plans, and the management of bridge and culvert construction • construction personnel working within the road construction field with an additional training tool on Erosion and Sediment Control. This field guide has been prepared specifically for use on greenfield road construction and large rural road projects The method of costing to be used in a particular concern depends upon the type of manufacturing and nature of industry. In addition to the methods of costing, there are certain techniques of costing, which are used along with any of the method. These techniques serve the special purpose of managerial control and policy Training Methods For Employees: 9 Different Methods I. On the job training:. In this type of method, a new or less experienced employee is given some kind of instructions or advice from a more experienced employee who may be a supervisor or some kind of a special instructor Construction waste poses a great danger to the environment. For this reason, construction industries need to find suitable methods to manage construction and demolition materials that generate waste during construction activities. Using trash chutes to get waste out of the site is one good way of safe waste disposal Fortunately, there are a number of ways to control erosion on a construction site if the right techniques are used at the right time. And while some methods call for synthetic materials, there are also several methods that use natural materials to help diminish soil erosion problems along river embankments while construction projects are underway