The Duggar family

We have a special place in our hearts for families—our goal is to encourage husbands and wives to have strong marriages, brothers and sisters to be best friends, and for everyone to find true hope in trusting Jesus Christ! Meet the Rest of the Family. Family News. Q&A. Photos. REcipes Welcome to the premiere source for factual, encouraging updates on Jim Bob & Michelle Duggar and their 19 kids (TLC's 19 Kids and Counting & Counting On).Our site is not maintained by the Duggars, but we (Lily and Ellie) are personal friends of the family

Home - The Duggar Famil

Duggar Family Blog: Duggar Updates Duggar Pictures Jim

  1. Duggar And Seewald Family Beliefs Make New Divorce Reveal Shocking. Over the past few weeks, as Josh Duggar's name has been all over the headlines due to child pornography charges, his wife Anna.
  2. Jim Bob and Michelle Duggar have been raising Tyler Hutchins for a while now. He has appeared on a few episodes of Counting On and continues to be in family photos. Tyler is the son of Michelle.
  3. Which Duggar is getting married? Last Fall, Jed Duggar confirmed that he had a lady and painted a pumpkin with the name Katey written on the front, though their engagement still hasn't been announced by the family. Jed had been dating and proposed to Katey, whose real name is Katelyn, in secret, as their engagement photos and invitation to their virtual wedding set for April 3.
  4. g out soon
  5. This month, the Duggar family celebrated Michael, Marcus, Garrett, and Anna's birthdays. They also celebrated Derick and Jill's 7th anniversary and Josiah and Lauren's 3rd wedding anniversary. The family celebrated Father's Day and there was a new photo of Ben and Jessa released. We released our July birthdays and anniversary cover
  6. From there, Jill described how this principle was put into practice when disagreements arose in the Duggar household: My mom had 2 rules: Rule number 1: 'Talk sweet.'. Rule number 2: 'Go and tell.
  7. Duggar family feud: Jinger on the outs with Jill and cousin Amy. Wed Feb 03, 2021 at 11:39am ET. By Tiffany Bailey. Jinger Duggar reportedly has issues with Jill and Amy. Pic credit: TLC. It seems.

Meet Our Family - The Duggar Famil

Josh Duggar and Anna Keller. With six kids, Josh and wife Anna have the largest family of all the Duggar kids. Together, they welcomed Makcynzie in 2009, Michael in 2011, Marcus in 2013, Meredith. Duggar Family Feud. It's no secret that Jill Dillard, formerly Duggar, and her husband Derick haven't been getting along with the rest of Jill's large family, particularly her father, the. Clearly, the Duggar family isn't without its faults. Still, people can't help but be fascinated by their large family, strict budgets, and interesting rules restricting what they are and allowed to do. However, when a Duggar family member goes off the rails, TLC has the power to pull the plug 1.3m Followers, 28 Following, 857 Posts - See Instagram photos and videos from The Duggar Family (@duggarfam

Duggar Family 19 Kids and Counting Wiki Fando

Duggar Family Fundamentalists Wiki Fando

The Duggars are in crisis mode these days, as Josh Duggar's arrest on child pornography charges has threatened the family fortune and the media empire that Jim Bob has worked so hard to create. The Duggar family's Justin Duggar, 18, is now a married man. The Counting On reality star wed Claire Spivey months after announcing they were courting. February 27, 202 The Duggar family, including Joy-Anna and Jinger Duggar, show off their baby bumps, new little ones and more — see the photo There are nineteen children in the Duggar family. The oldest, Josh, was born in 1988. Twins Jana and John David were born in 1990, Jill in 1991, Jessa in 1992, Jinger in 1993, Joseph in 1995, Josiah in 1996, Joy-Anna in 1997, twins Jedidiah and Jeremiah in 1998, Jason in 2000, James in 2001, Justin in 2002, Jackson in 2004, Johannah in 2005.

Duggar Family Official - Faceboo

Josh Duggar and Anna Keller's Family Tree. So far, Josh and Anna Duggar (née Keller) have six kids. Mackynzie was born in October of 2009, Michael in June of 2011, Marcus in June of 2013. How do the Duggar family and Caldwell family know each other? The two families have known each other for years. They share similar values and beliefs and appear to have raised their kids in the same way. Over the years, the family has taken plenty of pictures together, spent holidays with each other, and more Jed Duggar is the latest member of the family to get married. The 22-year-old married Katey Nakatsu on Saturday, April 3, 2021. A representative for the Duggar family told People that the wedding.

Bates Family Blog: Bates Updates and Pictures | Gil and

The Duggar family is one of the most infamous families in all of reality television. They are known for their large clan, totaling nineteen kids in all, and their conservative values. These two traits have fascinated viewers for years. We can not get enough of their unconventional ways! The Duggar family runs on rules. Their rules have rules The Duggars' eldest son, Josh, works at the notorious Family Research Council, an anti-abortion and anti-LGBT rights lobbying group in Washington, D.C. TLC is evidently a little uncomfortable. The Duggar family went from being squeaky-clean TV role models with a seemingly idyllic home life to becoming the faces of a sex abuse scandal that rocked the whole family, according to USA Today

Jill Duggar's husband Derick Dillard opens up about what went on behind scenes of canceled TLC reality show '19 Kids and Counting' featuring the Duggar family Welcome to the Duggar family blog! They have nineteen children and Tyler. They also have two children (Caleb and Juiblee) in heaven. They have ten children married. They have twenty grandchildren with two on the way due later in 2021. They also have five grandchildren in heaven The Duggar family's foray into reality television also marked many Americans' first introduction to Quiverfull ideology, a theological movement that interprets the Old Testament Psalm, Happy is. A post shared by The Duggar Family (@duggarfam) In one of the 19 Kids and Counting episodes, Joe graduated from ALERT academy and Jinger was acting like their version of an army wife. She was wringing her hands and kept looking for her man (her words, not mine ) in the crowd while everyone else seemed relatively normal 1.3m Followers, 28 Following, 856 Posts - See Instagram photos and videos from The Duggar Family (@duggarfam

The Duggar Family Tree: 'Counting' All the Marriages, Kids

"Abby and Brittany" starring conjoined twins Abigail and

20 Times The Duggars Got Called Out. Duggar family values don't sit so well with everyone, and these 20 instances are probably some of their worst. The Duggars get perks for being famous, including cold, hard cash and fame, but there is a downside. The downside is the shade that they get from people who don't like them This is the religious system that the entire Duggar family is immersed in. And according to my guest today, it's a legalistic, patriarchal cult. It shames women into remaining silent about abuse. It also keeps women like Anna Duggar living in fear and unable to leave abusive husbands like Josh Duggar But people familiar with the family's particular sect of fundamentalist Christianity, the Institute in Basic Life Principles (IBLP), claim it has played a role in enabling abuse by Josh Duggar. The white house with a green roof became Duggar family's home, where ' 14 Children and Pregnant Again! ' was aired. The house had only three bedrooms, and when the Duggar family got two more children, as seen on '16 Children and Moving In ,' they lived with all 16 children in that small, cramped rental house

Why Jessica Simpson Hasn't Been Able to Watch Reality TV

19 Kids and Counting - Wikipedi

  1. CelebritYLIKEJoy-Anna Duggar leaves family, won't join 'Counting On' Joy-Anna Duggar is the latest 19 Kids and Counting On star to allegedly depart from TLC.
  2. The Duggar family spends all day together homeschooling and spending quality time with each other. They're with each other every day all day, believe it, they spend more than enough time together! What they do is they're choice and growing up in a big family teaches you so many valuable lessons! I don't see who they are hurting
  3. Duggar fans and critics alike have been speculating over the sexuality of a few Duggar children for years, but based on the response to tonight's episode, the consensus is that Josiah is.
  4. Duggar Dillard, 29 and her 31-year-old husband are now the parents of two young sons. They talked about the show, which showcased the very religious and conservative Duggar family, as well as it's.

Duggar And Seewald Family Beliefs Make New Divorce Reveal

THE DUGGAR matriarch, Michelle, admitted to cropping her rebellious daughter Jill out of a family photo. Jill and her husband Derick Dillard have been in an ongoing feud with Jim Bob Duggar after This practical, positive book reveals the many parenting strategies that Jim Bob and Michelle Duggar use as they preside over America's best-known mega-family. Each time a new baby arrives, the press from around the world clamors for interviews and information. Visitors are amazed to find seventeen (baby number eighteen is due January 1, 2009) well-groomed, well-behaved, well-schooled. Like many of the Duggar sons, eldest child Josh Duggar started off working on one of the family's used car lots. Later, however, he was given the opportunity to work with the Family Research Council in Washington, D.C. There was even an entire 19 Kids and Counting episode about his and Anna Duggar's move with their kids

Duggar family's Arkansas compound quiet amid Josh Duggar's child porn scandal: photos The disgraced '19 Kids and Counting' star is awaiting a July trial for child pornography charge Duggar Family Members React to 'Counting On' Cancellation. Some of my favorite people right here! , the 28-year-old Arkansas native captioned a family photo over 4th of July weekend.

The Duggar family mourns another loss as Tyler Hutchins

  1. Christian Patriarchy's biggest celebrities are obviously the Duggar family, but the religion (or religious offshoot) has been rocked by some scandal and accusations of sexual misconduct in the.
  2. Joy-Anna Duggar appears to have taken sides in her sister Jill's on-going feud with their family. Joy-Anna Duggar, 22, recently liked an Instagram post blasting her sister Jill Duggar, 29, for.
  3. Find out what the rest of the Duggar family is up to in the gallery below: Instagram. Michelle & Jim Bob Duggar. The parents of 19 and grandparents of 18, with two on the way (as of Feb. 27, 2021.
  4. gly interested in having big families themselves, the size of the clan has grown significantly since their TLC show 19 Kids & Counting went off the air in 2015 and the spinoff Counting On began

The Duggar Family. Start date Sep 22 I too really loved the happy family image they portrayed- never having had that myself. Reactions: BarryHeavens and Loony lovegood. Jumpindesia VIP Member. Sep 22, 2020 #5 That Josh is a weirdo, cheated on his wife with prostitutes and is racist/homophobic but it was all swept under the carpet. Noncey. About Community. Welcome to r/DuggarsSnark, a board where you can snark on, make fun of, and criticize the Duggar Family, the far right, ultra-conservative, fundamentalist Christian family behind TLC's Counting On and 19 Kids and Counting. This subreddit is NOT for fans of the Duggars, and is all in good fun. Come join the discussion

The Duggar family rose to fame because their matriarch and patriarch, Michelle and Jim Bob, brought a whopping 19 kids into the world. This family is one of the US's biggest. The family is also very rule-oriented, thanks to rock-solid spiritual beliefs that require plenty of sacrifices Jill Duggar celebrated her 30th birthday on May 17 and her parents Jim Bob and Michelle Duggar made sure to mark the special occasion with an Instagram Story on their family's account. As fans. 14 Only Godly Side Hugs Are Allowed. While marital sexual exploitation seems acceptable for the Duggar family, affection is a big no-no. According to screenrant.com, unwed couples can't hug from the front or kiss. To avoid temptation, the Duggar daughters are permitted only godly side hugs Jim Bob and Michelle Duggar have 19 children and Josiah Matthew Duggar is the eighth. Lauren Duggar Josiah's wife and they have a daughter named Bella. He was described to be a playful child who was frequently seen pulling pranks on his family. As a teen, he had a close relationship with his younger sister, Joy-Anna, and the two were often seen.

Are any Duggars expecting babies in 2021

TLC's Counting On: The Duggar Family r/ CountingOn. Join. Hot. Hot New Top Rising. Hot New Top. Rising. card. card classic compact. 286. pinned by moderators. Posted by 2 months ago. Josh arrested! 286. 144 comments. share. save. 175. Posted by 2 months ago. 2. Here it is. 175. 107 comments. share. save. 34. Posted by 9 hours ago. Birth story. When a TV show follows a family with 19 kids, there are bound to be some moments that don't make it to air. Counting On (formerly 19 Kids and Counting) stars.. This is a beautiful message the Duggar family posted not long ago: Message to the people of Israel: Hello everyone from the Jim Bob & Michelle Duggar Family of America's TV show 19 Kids and Counting. We are looking forward to coming to Israel with our whole family, this has been a lifelong dream. We love the Jewish people Duggar Family Official/Facebook. The Community Gets Invited to the Wedding. Though the jury is still out on whether or not this is 100 percent true, rumor has it the community gets an invite to the Duggar weddings-- which is a lot of people when you think about it

The Duggar Family Might Be Hiding Another Engagement Or Tw

Garrett with his parents shortly after birth. On June 9, 2018, Joe and Kendra announced on the Duggar family website that they had given birth. Garrett David Duggar was born at 1:36p on June 8, 2018. He weighed 7 pounds, 8 ounces, and was 20.5 inches long. In a joint statement, his parents said The Duggar family is probably best known for television reality shows titled 19 Kids and Counting, and Counting On. FILE - In this Aug. 29, 2014 file photo, Josh Duggar, executive.

The Duggar family Blog: 202

The Duggar family, who rose to fame as the stars of TLC's reality show 19 Kids and Counting, is speaking out after eldest son Josh pleaded not guilty to child pornography charges on Friday. We appreciate your continued prayers for our family at this time, parents Jim Bob and Michelle said in a statement posted to the Duggar family website Just weeks after Josh Duggar was arrested on child pornography charges, TLC announced on Tuesday that the network was cutting ties with the Duggar family. TLC will not be producing additional.

Josh Duggar's sex scandal ruined the Duggar family's image overnight. In 2015, a magazine revealed that Josh molested five minor girls when he was a young teenager. Among the five victims of Josh's sex scandal, four were his own sisters. On Facebook, Josh released an apology for hurting the sentiments of people with his insane acts during. Joseph and Kendra Duggar welcomed home another baby girl, and the family couldn't be more excited! Brooklyn Praise Duggar was born at 7:48 p.m. on February 19, 2021. The latest addition to the Duggar family weighed in at 7lbs 3oz and measured 20 1/4 inches long. The proud parents shared, It seems like just yesterday we were at the altar. After thoughtful consideration, TLC and the Duggar family have decided to not move forward with 19 Kids and Counting. The show will no longer appear on the air, the network said at the time duggar family's arkansas compound quiet amid josh duggar's child porn scandal: photos A lot of abuse occurred, because of the group's teachings, Lara Smith, a former ATI member, told The Post

Angela Deem Shows Off Body Transformation in Best-Ever

Jill Duggar Reveals Sick Reason Josh's Abuse Went

The Duggar family have shared a sweet new family picture with all 19 of their children. Parents Jim Bob and Michelle are parents to 19 children, and all of their children have names which begin. The Duggar Family's house is in Springdale, AR. Jim Bob Duggar, a former member of the Arkansas House of Representatives, real estate agent and investor, and his wife Michelle, rose to fame with a series of TLC and Discovery Health documentaries about their large family. The Duggar Family's net worth is $3.5 million Jill Duggar Dillard and her husband, Derick Dillard, have been estranged from Jill's famous family for quite some time now. The problems started when he made derogatory and transphobic comments about fellow reality star Jazz Jennings, whose show I Am Jazz documents Jennings' life as a transgender teenager. People reports that Derick wrote on Twitter, What an oxymoron a 'reality' show. A post shared by The Duggar Family (@duggarfam) on Oct 23, 2018 at 10:44am PDT Jim Bob and Michelle have 19 birth children, but in 2016, they became the adoptive parents of another child: Michelle.

stars denounce Duggar family ministry. Two Bringing Up Bates stars have made a very surprising statement about the ministry followed and promoted by close family friends the Duggars. Erin Bates. 67. It's enraging how mainstream media outlets like Today and People treat the Duggars as though they're just an ordinary family with an extraordinary amount of children — and aren't they so. READ: Jessa Duggar posts adorable family picture amid major change. In the clip, Jessa can be seen sitting on a hospital bed with her newborn daughter Fern as her eldest children; sons Spurgeon.

Jinger Duggar reportedly feuding with Jill Duggar and

  1. Jessa Duggar and Ben Seewald welcomed their fourth child together Fans and members of the Duggar family congratulated them on their baby's arrival Duggar documented the days leading up to her.
  2. Welcome to our Duggar and Bates families blog. The Duggar family have 20 children with 2 in heaven. They have 10 children are married. They have 20 grandchildren with 2 on the way. They have 5 grandchildren in heaven. The Bates family have 19 children with 4 in heaven. They have 7 children are married with 2 children engaged. They have 1 child in a courtship. They have 18 grandchildren. They.
  3. Jim Bob Duggar, 52, the conservative Christian family's patriarch, seems to be one of the only members of the family who has a legit and lucrative career, aside from the money he made from TLC
  4. The Duggar family home is absolutely massive — and it's something we've seen a lot of on 19 Kids & Counting and Counting On. After all, with so many kids in their family, of course they're going to need a lot of space, and they also have a huge front yard for the kids to run and play on. 19/20. View this post on Instagram
  5. Here's What Religion the Duggar Family Follows. The Duggars, best known for the reality show 19 Kids and Counting, have captivated a lot of people not only for their large family but also for the way Jim Bob and Michelle have raised their 19 children. The reason Jim Bob and Michelle Duggar have such strict and uncommon traditions is the.
  6. The Duggar family has a long history in Arkansas real estate. Jim Bob and Michelle recently flipped an Arkansas mansion for $1.53 million. According to the family blog, Jim Bob and Michelle.

During the show's early seasons Michelle Duggar, the fertile mother of the pack, had two more kids. The addition to the family ended up changing the show's title to 18 Kids and Counting and ultimately, 19 Kids and Counting. While the show was a success during its almost seven year run, it was not free from controversy and scandals The Duggar family, who rose to fame as the stars of TLC's reality show 19 Kids and Counting, is speaking out after eldest son Josh pleaded not guilty to child pornography charges on Friday The Duggar family are known followers of the Institute in Basic Life Principles (IBLP), which is a non-denominational religious organization that was founded by a man named Bill Gothard. In 2014, Gothard was accused of sexual assault, but the Duggars have remained a part of his conferences and teachings Jinger Duggar and Jeremy Vuolo Hope Jill Duggar and Derick Dillard Will Reconcile With the Family By Paige Gawley‍ 7:31 AM PDT, April 21, 2021 This video is unavailable because we were unable to.

Nov 8, 2015 - Explore Shawn Jones's board Duggars recipe, followed by 790 people on Pinterest. See more ideas about duggars, recipes, favorite recipes Counting On's Amy Duggar King is one of the most liberated family members, and many thought Jinger Duggar Vuolo was right behind her. While Jinger has changed things up a lot, fans can definitely see there are still some deep Duggar teachings she hangs onto. One of those teachings rubbed her cousin Amy the wrong way and she had to speak out about it Derick loves to talk about the family's pay structure for Counting On. He previously stated that Jim Bob Duggar is the only one who gets paid for being on the series. Fans are wondering if Jim Bob Duggar and his wife, Michelle Duggar, can get away with that. No one else is making money for the family's reality show other than Jim Bob himself Since fans were introduced to the Duggar family on TLC's 19 Kids and Counting specials and series, fans have watched Jim Bob and Michelle Duggar's children get married and start another generation of Duggars. Counting On has kept that alive, showing more weddings and children being born The Duggar family may seem a bit smaller when they return to TLC for Counting On.Daughters Joy-Anna and Jill Duggar and their husbands, Austin Forsyth and Derick Dillard, respectively, won't be.

Jana, Jill, Jessa, and Jinger Duggar appear with the rest of their family on TLC's 19 Kids and Counting, which airs five times a week and is now in its tenth season. The Duggars have appeared on such national TV shows as the Today show, Good Morning America , The View , Inside Edition , Jimmy Kimmel Live , and more While viewers of 19 Kids And Counting are used to the strict rules that the Duggar family follows, some of the children are doing their own thing as they grow up.Joy-Anna Duggar has shared that she watches movies every night and Jana Duggar has embraced her single life without so many rules. Joy-Anna Duggar Forsyth is no longer on the spin-off reality series Counting On, and fans are curious. DUGGAR fans were surprised to spot a pregnant Jessa wearing skinny jeans in a new YouTube video. The family observes a strict dress code that usually only permits women to wear skirts or dresses The Duggar family shot to fame when their reality show 19 Kids and Counting premiered in 2008.. Since then, the independent Baptist family has faced multiple scandals and controversies. Josh Duggar pleaded not guilty to child pornography charges after he was arrested on April 29.. Visit Insider's homepage for more stories

TLC's Counting On star Jedidiah Duggar, 22, is engaged — and is celebrating with a very generous gift from his parents in the form of a $365,000 house The Duggar family have frequently emphasized the importance of individual attention, and one of their most important methods will serve the Duggar kiddos in other positive ways, as well! Each member of the family received homeschooling as opposed to attending traditional school. Jinger considered homeschooling a blessing The Duggars: 20 and Counting!: Raising One of America's Largest Families—How They Do It. Michelle Duggar. $ 4.69 - $ 16.14. A Love That Multiplies: An Up-Close View of How They Make it Work. Michelle Duggar The Duggar family has spoken out about Josh Duggar being arrested on child pornography charges. On Thursday, the former 19 Kids and Counting star was taken into custody for allegedly downloading.

Tyler Wayne Hutchins (born February 10, 2008) is the son of Rachel Hutchins and the great-nephew of Michelle Duggar. He was adopted by Jim Bob Duggar and Michelle Duggar in November 2016. 1 Early life 2 Custody changes 2.1 Grandmother 2.2 Duggars 3 New life 3.1 Homeschooling Tyler Wayne was born on February 10, 2008, to Rachel Hutchins and an unknown father. There is no father listed on his. The entire Duggar family has been through a lot in the last year. Rumors of a Duggar divorce were probably the easiest thing for the family to combat. It was discovered that Josh Duggar had done some questionable things when he was younger, which had been addressed with the local police and his parents It can be hard to keep track of all the family members in the Duggar family from 19 Kids And Counting, so check out all the names and ages of the kids below.. Michelle and Jim Bob Duggar are the.

The Duggar Family Has Welcomed an Army of Babies — and

  1. Duggar is survived by two children, 21 grandchildren and 13 great-grandchildren, the family said. She was married to Jimmy Lee Duggar for 48 years until his death in 2009
  2. Jill Duggar and Derick Dillard had a June wedding in 2014. The couple have two children together, having welcomed the newest member of their family, son Samuel Scott, in February of this year
  3. Counting On Spoilers: Jill Dillard's Desperation And Boundaries, Duggar Family Drama Rages On View Story Nathan's mother-in-law, Jill Rodrigues decided to go live on Facebook to make this big.
  4. The Duggar family hail from Tontitown, Arkansas, a small town near Springdale. Led by patriarch Bob and matriarch Michelle, the family had its first taste of fame after making several appearances.
  5. Spending 4th of July at Papa Bill and Mama Jane's farm in South Carolina is a Bates family tradition. In past years, we have posted photos from their get-togethers, including in 2017 and 2019. Some of the family members are spending the weekend there this year, so we thought we would share this adorable photo
  6. News Family Reality TV. On July 4, Joy-Anna Duggar and her husband, Austin Forsythe, revealed that the pair had suffered a miscarriage, losing their baby after 20 weeks. One day later, the pair.
  7. The Duggar family has been in the spotlight for years as a leading example of a large, homeschooling, wholesome Christian family. From what started as intermittent specials on the Discovery.

In the Duggar family, they're almost always in the midst of planning a wedding or welcoming a new baby, but Jana Duggar seems to stand alone. The eldest daughter of the Duggar clan is a lot. Duggar Family, Casseroles, Baked, Freezer Meals Related Recipes: Duggar Family Recipes, Casserole Recipes, Baked Recipes, Freezer Meal Recipes Recipe Yields: 21 Servings Prep Time: 40 minutes Cook Time: 1 hours Total Time: 1 hours and 40 minutes Published: October 24, 2012 Author: Matt R. Prep Time: 40 minutes Cook Time: 60 minutes Total Time. Counting On star Jedidiah Duggar, 22, has tied the knot with his fiancée Katey Nakatsu, also 22, in Arkansas — just a month and a half after the pair got engaged Relationship with the Duggar family. The Bates family and the Duggar family have spent much time together through the years. They both have large families and their children are similar in ages and grew up together. Many of the children remain close friends and have taken part in each others weddings

LeBron James Launches Premium Tequila Brand Lobos 1707

Jim Bob Duggar 'Banned' Jill Dillard From The Rest Of The

Gil and Kelly Bates and their 19 kids have appeared on multiple episodes of TLC's 19 Kids and Counting and starred in United Bates of America, a brief series that aired on TLC in 2012. On New Year's Day 2015, the Bates family began a new reality TV series called Bringing Up Bates, which airs on the network UP.Bringing Up Bates is currently on break; season 8 will premiere January 3rd, 2019

Haunted NY castle to be auctioned off on Halloween, bidsMahlon Reyes, Deadliest Catch Star, Dies at 38 - TheKen Weatherwax Dies; Addams Family Actor Was 59 - The