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Reverse Hierarchical Diffusion

Aktuelle Preise für Produkte vergleichen! Heute bestellen, versandkostenfrei Reverse hierarchical diffusion is when culture spreads from the bottom of a hierarchy to other parts that are considered the bottom, which completely... See full answer below. Become a member and.. Spatial Diffusion of Wal-Mart: Contagious and Reverse Hierarchical Elements Thomas O.Z Graff , THOMAS O. GRAFF (Ph.D., University of Kansas) is Associate Professor of Geography at the University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, AR 72701 Reverse Hierarchical Diffusion: Expansion diffusion in which ideas spread from area to area by ways of small towns, temporarily bypassing urban areas. Examples include Wal-Mart when it first began by spreading across small cities in Arkansas. 9

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  1. The firm's expansion pattern has been characterized by elements of both neighborhood contagious diffusion and reverse hierarchical diffusion. Key Words: contagious diffusion reverse hierarchical diffusion Wal-Mart. More Share Options . Related articles
  2. Reverse Hierarchical Diffusion. Diffusion up a hierarchy, such as from a little city to a big one. Example: Walmart. Sociofact. A culture trait in the sociological subsystem. Sociological subsystem. The part of a culture that guides how people are expected to interact with each other and how their social institutions are structured
  3. Random Thoughts on Diffusion Expansion Diffusion Contagious Does not need to have a specific pre-existing structure for transmission Disease contagion is a prime example Don't forget the orange scent spreading around the room Hierarchical requires a pre-established structure to channel the flow i.e. 'chain of command' or network o
  4. Reverse Hierarchical Diffusion is the processes in which a trait diffuses from a lower class to a higher class
  5. Reverse hierarchical diffusion: Walmart openings 1970-74. His Lai Temple, Hacienda Heights. Spatial Interaction—Edward Ullman, 1954. Connections, relations that develop among places and regions as a . result of the movement or flow of people, goods, or information. Complementarity
  6. Hierarchical diffusion is one of six ways cultures can spread around the world (what we call 'types of cultural diffusion'). What makes hierarchical diffusion unique is that it involves the spread of culture starting from the most powerful and influential people within the culture.. Once the influential people embrace a certain culture, the rest of the culture are more likely to follow

What is reverse hierarchical diffusion? Study

It is an example of reverse hierarchical diffusion. During reverse hierarchical diffusion something is spread in an orderly fashion through expansion. Walmart has become one of if not the biggest retailer in the world due to its low prices and expansion into other states and countries Hierarchical diffusion occurs when an idea is spread from a person or organization that holds authority over others. This type of diffusion is typically seen in cases where an idea is communicated by a political leader or person of influence and spreads. This typically begins in an urban setting before eventually reaching less populated areas In geography the term diffusion refers to the spread of people things ideas cultural practices disease technology weather and other factors from place to place. The diffusion of a particular phenomenon over far distances as a result of migrations reverse hierarchical diffusion diffusion up a hierarchy such as from a little city to a big one

Spatial Diffusion of Wal‐Mart: Contagious and Reverse

Give an example of reverse hierarchical diffusion for culture 2 See answers torahay torahay Expansion diffusion- this is when an idea is created/develops in an area (the source) and remains strong there, while also spreading to different areas. bratislava bratislava Answer The diffusion pattern of Walmart stores, which have spread from small towns to large cities throughout the United States, is an example of distance decay. reverse hierarchical diffusion. Tags: Question 48 . SURVEY . 30 seconds . Report an issue . Q. The Indo-European language family includes the major languages of Europe and those dominant. Hierarchical diffusion follows a chain of command, something you see in business, government, and the military. The CEO of a company or the leader of a government body generally knows information before it is disseminated among a wider employee base or the general public

I am familiar with using queries to determine the level based on a hierarchical parent-child relationship, but haven't figured out a way to do it in reverse. sql oracle. Share. Improve this question. Follow edited Dec 28 '14 at 19:15. username. asked Dec 28 '14 at 18:43. username username What is reverse hierarchical diffusion? 200. This religion went through hierarchical diffusion during the roman empire. What is Christianity? 200. Identify the country located in the picture. What is China? 300. Boundaries between regions that use different languages Hierarchical diffusion. Explanation: While diffusion is the more general movement of ideas, notions, and innovations, it can be broken down in its more specific functions. Contagious diffusion requires direct person-to-person contact, not the influence of trends observed in this question. Expansion diffusion deals with a single population, and. What is reverse hierarchical diffusion? Provide an example. When does stimulus diffusion occur? Provide an example. 15. When cultures come into contact with each other, the following results occur: Acculturation - Assimilation - Multiculturalism - Nativism - 16. THINK ON

8 Reverse Hierarchical Diffusion Expansion diffusion in

Diffusion of innovations is a theory that seeks to explain how, why, and at what rate new ideas and technology spread. Everett Rogers, a professor of communication studies, popularized the theory in his book Diffusion of Innovations; the book was first published in 1962, and is now in its fifth edition (2003). Rogers argues that diffusion is the process by which an innovation is communicated. Reverse Hierarchical Diffusion: starts in obscure places and works its way into power. Example: Tea Party. An Example from Mean Girls (*this is Ms. Cannon's favorite movie) In Your tables. List three examples from history of Hierarchical Diffusion on your white boards. b. Contagious Diffusion: Fast spread of an phenomenon throughout a. A reverse hierarchy (or inverted pyramid) is a conceptual organizational structure that attempts to invert or otherwise reverse the classical pyramid of hierarchical organizations.. In the proposed structure, key decisions are made by the employees in direct contact with customers, while progressively senior management positions provide support and help to the customer-facing employees

Spatial Diffusion of Wal-Mart: Contagious and Reverse

AP Human Geography Chapter 6 Flashcards Quizle

Herein, we report the synthesis of hierarchical three-dimensional (3D) γ-Al 2 O 3 flower-like particles composed of randomly arranged nanoplates via a reverse micelle-mediated solvothermal method. A systematic time-dependent study was performed to reveal the changes in phase composition of these hierarchical nanostructures during the synthesis process Hierarchical Diffusion. This is the type of diffusion that occurs when a concept or trend spreads from a place or person of power or high susceptibility to another in hierarchical order. In other words, the trend first spreads among influential or powerful individuals in society and then spreads to other individuals. For instance, think of a. diffusion, our basic scientific understanding of molecular transport in dense, nanostructured reverse osmosis, water purification, biomolecule separations, packaging, selective sensors, and fuel cells. this hierarchical approach provides an ab initio method for predicting membrane performance. hierarchical diffusion . contagious diffusion. cultural appropriation. Correct answer: cultural appropriation. Explanation: The term cultural appropriation is used to describe a situation where a dominant social or cultural group takes an expression, idea, or product from an oppressed cultural group and uses it for its own benefit. So. A novel hierarchical heterostructured Fe 2 (MoO 4) 3 @MoO 3 (FM) nanowire is developed by mild hydrothermal treatment of precursor MoO 3 nanobelts with only the assistance of FeCl 3 ·6H 2 O combined with the heat treatment. Subsequently, a model of reverse heteroatoms diffusion is proposed to describe the formation of FM nanowires

Hierarchical diffusion is the spread of a feature or trend from one key person or node of authority or power to other persons or places The diffusion of a particular phenomenon over far distances as a result of migrations reverse hierarchical diffusion diffusion up a hierarchy such as from a little city to a big one. A form of diffusion in which. Spread of an idea through an established structure powerful non powerful expansion diffusion. The definition is the spread of ideas.

That would be reverse hierarchical diffusion, not hierarchical diffusion. Best Name Evah ∙ . Lvl 2. 2020-12-09 21:15:05. But that is a very good example for reverse hierarchical diffusion! I. Reverse hierarchical diffusion. Sense of place. Stimulus diffusion. Taboo. Vernacular (perceptual) region. BE ABLE TO. P. 112-115: Describe the basic meanings of culture, cultural (material) traits, habits, and customs. Identify multiple characteristics of both folk and popular cultures The hierarchical channels of the PTFE films (Fig. 1g) and the interconnected pores of the SA/A-aUiO particles naturally resembled the stomata of green leaves, facilitating the direct diffusion of.

10 Hierarchical Diffusion Examples (2021) - AP Human Geograph

  1. ggplot2 rotate a graph : reverse and flip the plot. Tools. Horizontal plot : coord_flip () Reverse y axis. Infos. The aim of this R tutorial is to describe how to rotate a plot created using R software and ggplot2 package. The functions are : coord_flip () to create horizontal plots
  2. ¾ Diffusion of knowledge-driven work systems ¾ diffusion ¾Mechanisms and skills for negotiated strategies of change ¾Appreciation and support for knowledge creating processes ¾ organizational, institutional, societal LFM Students] - ESD.60 Lean Six Sigma Systems, LFM, MIT 9/04 --Structures for primary, secondary and reverse
  3. This chapter is devoted to reverse-engineering the cause of a dramatic increase in the total diffusion through the airway spaces, and ii) reaction of or acinar, airways of mammalian lungs as hierarchical trees; another treats the entire permeable surface as fractal. By understanding how the parameters of these mathematical models.
  4. We analyzed diffusion dynamics on weakly-coupled networks (interconnected networks) by means of separation of time scales. Using an adiabatic approximation we reduced the system dynamics to a Markov chain with aggregated variables and derived a transport equation that is analogous to Fick's First Law and includes a driving force. Entropy production is a sum of microscopic entropy transport.
  5. A coarse-grained method for simulating diffusion of a small molecule within a glassy polymer was developed and implemented. The method builds on our previous work in which molecular-level jump rates between likely sorption states were calculated with multidimensional transition-state theory incorporating explicit chain motions that accompany each jump. In this work we first use a reverse Monte.

A novel ammonia vapour diffusion‐assisted impregnation technique was developed to synthesize the Al 2 O 3 ‐MgO‐supported hierarchical Ni nanosheets. The resulting catalysts with different times for ammonia vapour treatments (at 12 hours, 18 hours, and 20 hours) were prepared to investigate the growth of Ni nanosheets on the catalyst surface Theoretical understanding of diffusion will ultimately lead to the rational design of novel nanostructured materials. Current materials can also be modified to tailor them for specific chemical or shape selective applications membranes, with possible applications in Gas separations (i.e. O 2 /N 2) Mercury removal from methane; Reverse Osmosis. With the above disease diffusion mapping exercises, a number of different trains of thought were pulled together to see if 'anything new pops up', to put it lightly. Pyle's review of disease migration takes into account the specialties known as human geography, population geography, environmental geography and and transportation geography The pulse reverse parameters, including the span of anodic and cathodic current application ( t a and t c) and frequency ( f'), were systematically modulated to determine the optimized values through monitoring the physicochemical properties using X-ray diffraction, thermogravimetric analysis/differential scanning calorimetry, field emission.

diffusion The name applied to a physical process by which individual particles move randomly, within a fluid, from areas of high concentration to lower concentration until the particles are evenly distributed throughout the space. The particles referred to can be molecules or ions and the fluid can be either gaseous or liquid. For example, a person wearing perfume can be noticed on entering a. Diffusion is the movement of substances due to random thermal molecular motion. Fluids, like fish fumes or odors entering ice cubes, can even diffuse through solids. Figure 12.7. 1: The random thermal motion of a molecule in a fluid in time t. This type of motion is called a random walk. Diffusion is a slow process over macroscopic distances co-workers [5,6] and its extensions (see, e.g., [7-9]) take advantage of the hierarchical organization of the library to efficiently search for bases best tailored for any of tasks listed above. In this paper we present a construction of diffusion wavelet packets, which generalize the classical wavelet packet Maserati, in full Maserati SpA, former name Officine Alfieri Maserati SA, Italian automobile manufacturer known for racing, sports, and GT (Grand Touring) cars.It is a subsidiary of Fiat Chrysler Automobiles NV and is based in Modena, Italy.. Officine Alfieri Maserati SA was founded in Bologna, Italy, in December 1914 by the brothers Alfieri, Ettore, and Ernesto Maserati

Geography Exam #4 Flashcards - Questions and Answers Quizle

  1. A Bayesian hierarchical model for photometric red shifts; A Bayesian framework to identify principal intravoxel diffusion profiles based on diffusion-weighted MR imaging; A Bayesian Game based Adaptive Fuzzy Controller for Multiagent POMDPs (F-0090) A Bayesian Hierarchical Model for Estimation of Abundance and Spatial Density of Aedes aegypt
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  3. A novel ammonia vapour diffusion‐assisted impregnation technique was developed to synthesize the Al2O3‐MgO‐supported hierarchical Ni nanosheets. The resulting catalysts with different times for ammonia vapour treatments (at 12 hours, 18 hours, and 20 hours) were prepared to investigate the growth of Ni nanosheets on the catalyst surface
  4. Omiros Papaspiliopoulos. ICREA Research Professor at Department of Economics, Universitat Pompeu Fabra. Verified email at upf.edu - Homepage. Monte Carlo methods (theory and methodology) stochastic processes Bayesian statistics probabilistic inference econometrics. Articles Cited by Public access Co-authors
  5. Hierarchical N-doped carbon microspheres (CMs) are derived from PMs by pyrolyzing and activation at 800 ℃. • The hierarchical CMs exhibit a charge efficiency of 69% and a salt capacity of 14.64 mg/g in 400 mg/L NaCl solution at 1.0 V

Psychon Bull Rev (2018) 25:286-301 DOI 10.3758/s13423-017-1271-2 THEORETICAL REVIEW Testing the validity of conflict drift-diffusion models for use in estimating cognitive processes: A parameter-recovery study Corey N. White 1 & Mathieu Servant 2 & Gordon D. Logan 2 Published online: 29 March 2017 # Psychonomic Society, Inc. 2017 Abstract Researchers and clinicians are interested in estimat. SPATIAL DIFFUSION OF WAL-MART: CONTAGIOUS AND REVERSE HIERARCHICAL ELEMENTS [Graff, Thomas O & Ashton, Dub] on Amazon.com. *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. SPATIAL DIFFUSION OF WAL-MART: CONTAGIOUS AND REVERSE HIERARCHICAL ELEMENT insurgent diffusion; the reverse is called collective elite diffusion. In this paper, we explore how a social strategy can diffuse among agents. Our model is explained using the example of crowd orientation. 2. An Example and Related Concepts 2.1 Social Strategy in Queue Orientation To explain our model, we use the example of an agen D a (n) is the diffusion rate of each protein; as diffusion is proportional to the square of the distance between nuclei, D a (n) is a function of the number of cell divisions that have occurred prior to time t (see below). Every time the nuclei divide the distance between them halves, and the rate of diffusion changes according to D a (n) = 4D.

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Reverse engineering a gene network using an asynchronous parallel evolution strategy has the potential to be used as part of a hierarchical evolutionary algorithm, which takes advantage of modern multi-core computing architectures. decay and diffusion. We will discuss each of these terms separately Reverse bias. Under reverse bias, the n side is held at a higher voltage than the p side. If the applied voltage is V, then the total potential difference across the diode becomes V reverse bias = v 0 + V (where v 0 is the barrier potential).. Therefore, in the figure above, free electrons on the n side (negative charge) will experience a drift force to the right (towards the positive cathode) Hierarchical Schematics and Simulation within Cadence. You have already learned how to create hierarchical layout with Cadence in the software labs. This is necessary to manage complex layouts that reuse common components such as basic logic gates. The same thing is also necessary for schematics, but this hasn't been covered in the labs so far The Framingham Heart Study in the 1960s was the first study to report inverse associations between cardiovascular risk and plasma HDL-C (high-density lipoprotein cholesterol). 1 This landmark discovery inspired investigations into the mechanisms by which HDL confers atheroprotection, leading to the identification of the reverse cholesterol transport (RCT) pathway. 2 RCT is defined as the.

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Hierarchical Event Descriptors Entity table Units In the context of a diffusion-weighted double spin-echo sequence, corresponds to the interval between two successive diffusion sensitizing gradients, specified in seconds. the entries in SliceTiming are defined in reverse order with respect to the slice axis, such that the final entry in. The international diffusion path of legal sex quotas is not one that IR scholarship would expect, however. The present surge of legal quotas instead developed primarily out of Latin America in the 1990s, where national and transnational women's advocates had demanded that quotas be used to increase the numbers of women in politics Discrete-time diffusion-based generative models and score matching methods have shown promising results in modeling high-dimensional image data. Recently, Song et al. (2021) show that diffusion processes that transform data into noise can be reversed via learning the score function, i.e. the gradient of the log-density of the perturbed data Averaged values for diffusion metrics across each region of interest were then used in hierarchical linear regression models. All variables used in the model were mean-centered for regression analyses to predict SS variables. In step 1 of the hierarchical regression model, sex and ICV were entered as controlled variables Hierarchical designs increase the surface-to-volume ratio without decreasing the size of the nanostructures. Additionally diffusion and mass transport of chemical species to the surface are improved. This leads to higher sensitivity, better resolution and faster response times of sensor elements

Discrete-time diffusion-based generative models and score matching methods have shown promising results in modeling high-dimensional image data. Recently, Song et al. (2021) show that diffusion processes can be reverted via learning the score function, i.e. the gradient of the log-density of the perturbed data Flooding, Gossiping, SPIN, Directed Diffusion, Rumor Routing, Cougar, Acquire 2. HIERARCHICAL PROTOCOLS LEACH, PEGASIS, TEEN (Threshold Sensitive Energy Efficient Sensor Network Protocol), APTEEN, 3. LOCATION BASED (GEOGRAPHIC) PROTOCOLS Gradient - a weighted reverse link.

PPT - How do I understand Diffusion ? PowerPointChapter 1 basic concepts

The diffusion pattern of walmart stores, which have spread

A hierarchical community information diffusion model is proposed for capturing the information dissemination process in social networks . The effects of different communities on the formation mechanism of online public opinion are studied in OSN . The Public opinion difference reverse propagation algorithm, network structure dynamic update. ECE520 -Lecture 21 University of New Mexico Slide: 8 Memory Banking (Hierarchical Architecture) The length of the local word and bit lines is kept within bounds, resulting faster access time Only the addressed block is activated resulting in a substantial power saving. Power dissipation is a major concern in ver

What Are the Types of Expansion Diffusion? Healthfull

Reverse engineering gene networks using global-local shrinkage rules. Viral Panchal. Viral Panchal. Department of Mathematics and Statistics, University of North Carolina Wilmington, Wilmington, NC 28403, USA. Google Scholar. Find this author on PubMed. Search for more papers by this author. and. Daniel F. Linder This reverse path vector is named a gradient. By utilizing interest and gradients, paths are established between sink and sources. LEACH introduces the hierarchical clustering idea into sensor networks (Heinzelmam et al., 2000). It organizes the cluster dynamically using distributed algorithm, in which the cluster header collects the data. least, the retarded ion diffusion decreases the accessibility of ions to small pores (17), reduces the effective surface area for ion electro-sorption, and thus lowers the desalination capacity. Considering the limited performances of macroporous and microporous materials, we hypothesize that carbon fibers (CFs) with interconnected hierarchical Reverse engineering the brain will require a deep understanding of how information is represented and how computation is performed in the brain. What are the functional operations? What are the knowledge data structures? How are messages encoded? How are relationships established and broken? How are images processed? How does the brain transform signals into symbols The diffusion coefficient is chosen to vary spatially cause at a finer level of resolution although the reverse need not be true. In other words, no spurious detail should in nature usually have a hierarchical organization com- posed of a small discrete number of levels [ 131. At the finest level, a tree is composed of leaves with.

A diffusion decision model analysis revealed sleep deprivation decreased participants' ability to extract information from the stimuli, whereas caffeine impacted the threshold separation, reflecting decreased caution. Does the reverse racism effect withstand the test of police officer fatigue? A hierarchical drift diffusion. Hierarchical Diffusion is the spread of an idea from persons or nodes of authority or power to other persons or places. And those are the four types of diffusion, Relocation, Hierarchical, Contagious, and Stimulus. The End! Some examples of hierarchical diffusion are: Fashion trends. Music genres, such as rap, hip hop, etc Osteoporotic fractures are prevalent in society, and their incidence appears to be increasing as the worldwide population ages. However, conventional bone repair materials hardly satisfy the requirements for the repair of pathological fractures. Here, we developed a biomimetic polyetherketoneketone scaffold with a functionalized strontium-doped nanohydroxyapatite coating for osteoporotic bone.

Reverse diffusion Rogers Diffusion of Innovation Curve 16. Where do people look? 17. 1350 FHWs in 6 countries 18. 100 Health Leaders 19. 21 Literature FHW & Leaders Top-down hierarchical sourcing Low - High income country sourcing High - Low income country sourcing Internal sourcing Bottom-up hierarchical sourcing External sourcing Reverse. Complete encapsulation of high-content sulfur into porous carbon or carbon composites is crucial for high-performance Li−S cells. However, the low-to-moderate compatibility of sulfur-dissolved solution with carbon causes difficulty in completely loading sulfur into the porous host. We control the interfacial energy of the sulfur solution by adding a solvent with high compatibility with the. Author summary Repeating anatomical units, forming a pattern, are present in different parts of the body. This is particularly obvious in the skin, where the many hair follicles become regularly arranged and fixed in place in the embryo as a pattern of evenly spaced spots. The basis for the formation of such repeating patterns has attracted a number of theoretical explanations The theory of Hierarchical Temporal Memory builds on the idea of (3 s, 4 mm). This is highly selective over a wide range of time and distance. Only the perfect forward and reverse sequences have high In the subsection Sequence speed selectivity scales with reaction rates and diffusion constants the author describes how by varying. Electroreduction of CO2 into value-added products is an effective approach to remit the environmental and energy issues. In this study, a hierarchical, self-supported, and atomistic catalyst was successfully synthesized based on the solid-state diffusion strategy. This catalyst can be directly used as a binder-free electrode and exhibits superb catalytic CO2 electroreduction performance

More recently, research on the diffusion of human resource management practices within the MNC has observed and studied reverse diffusion - i.e. the transfer of practices from foreign subsidiaries to operations in the country of origin and other locations worldwide (Edwards et al., 2010; Edwards and Ferner, 2002; Edwards and Kuruvilla, 2005) US20020003787A1 US09/899,263 US89926301A US2002003787A1 US 20020003787 A1 US20020003787 A1 US 20020003787A1 US 89926301 A US89926301 A US 89926301A US 2002003787 A1 US2002003787 A1 US 2002003787A1 Authority US United States Prior art keywords information mobile station layer frame base station Prior art date 2000-07-07 Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion Background: The Ketogenic Diet (KD) promotes metabolic changes and optimizes energy metabolism. It is unknown if microRNAs (miRs) are influenced by KD in obese subjects. The screening of circulating miRs was performed with the FDA approved platform n-counter flex and blood biochemical parameters were dosed by ADVIA 1800 Find 11 ways to say DIFFUSION, along with antonyms, related words, and example sentences at Thesaurus.com, the world's most trusted free thesaurus

Example Of Hierarchical Diffusion - pdfsharePPT - CHAPTER 4 - Folk v Popular culture PowerPoint

To avoid the possibility of reverse causation, we lag the variables of the top-down political signals, neighboring diffusion, and local determinants by 1 year. This specification is reasonable given that the city leaders probably make the decision to establish an ALC on the basis of full information in the previous year (2012) Constrained reverse diffusion for thick slice interpolation of 3D volumetric MRI images. Computerized Medical Imaging and Graphics 36 :2, 130-138. (2012) Adaptive Perona-Malik Model Based on the Variable Exponent for Image Denoising Vapor phase ligand treatment (VPLT) of 2-aminobenzimidazole (2abIm) for 2-methylimidazole (2mIm) in ZIF-8 membranes prepared by two different methods (LIPS: ligand induced permselectivation and RTD: rapid thermal deposition) results in a notable shift of the molecular level cut-off to smaller molecules establishing selectivity improvements from ca. 1.8 to 5 for O 2 /N 2; 2.2 to 32 for CO 2 /CH. Flour - all-purpose wheat flour or white spelt flour works for this recipe. Don't use gluten-free flours. It won't work. For gluten-free tortillas, try my coconut flour tortillas recipe or almond flour tortillas recipe; Lukewarm water - thick bath temperature, about 37C to activate the gluten in the flour and create a soft dough that makes chewy tortilla This review article is intended as a practical guide for newcomers to the field of kinetic Monte Carlo (KMC) simulations, and specifically to lattice KMC simulations as prevalently used for surface and interface applications. We will provide worked out examples using the kmos code, where we highlight the central approximations made in implementing a KMC model as well as possible pitfalls Primers for reverse transcription (RT)-PCR analysis were designed from the surrounding genomic sequence. Drosophila head RNA was isolated (Sullivan et al., 2000), and reverse transcription was accomplished with a unique RT primer. RT-PCR was done under standard conditions with 30 cycles, and products were run on 1% agarose gels and stained with.