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Tambula meaning in Kannada

In Lalita Sahasranama, there is a verse- tambula purita mukhi meaning, one whose mouth is full of chewing betel. Betel leaves referenced in text The use of betel leaves is mentioned in Charaka and Sushruta Samhitas, Astanga Hrudayam and Kashyapa Bhojanakalpa English words for tambua include recognize, identify, ratify, decipher, elucidate, acknowledge, foreknow, cogitate, cognate and vogue. Find more Swahili words at. This article is related to and covers Kashaya/Kashayalu Ingredients & Local Names , we at Wholesome Tales commited to total wellness by introducing right food, ancient grains, our age old practices - Kashaya/Kashayalu Ingredients & Local Names millet, whole food, plant based bood, wholesome food and protocols that has amazing benefits for everyone in family

Betel Leaves - Hindu Scripture

From the Sanskrit word ताम्बूल (tambula) meaning betel leaves. These leaves are used in rituals and worship, and the name was originally given to a person who grew or sold them. VEMULAKONDA వేములకొండ Indian, Telugu Indicated a person from the city of Vemula in the state of Andhra Pradesh, India Definition of katonda in the Definitions.net dictionary. Meaning of katonda. What does katonda mean? Information and translations of katonda in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web

Intambula Meaning and Xhosa to English Translation. Categories: Music What does intambula mean in English? If you want to learn intambula in English, you will find the translation here, along with other translations from Xhosa to English. We hope this will help you in learning languages The absence of a Kannada dictionary online has been a source of pain for a while (unlike Sanskrit dictionaries). Mohan pointed me to the one at kannadakasturi.com with the warning that it is very slow. He also found that the Internet Archive has a scanned copy of the Kittel dictionary (A Kannada-English school-dictionary : chiefl

What does tambua mean in Swahili

  1. Soundarya Lahari meaning waves of beauty consists of two parts viz. Ananda Lahari meaning waves of happiness (first 41 stanzas) and Soundarya Lahari (the next 59 stanzas). It is believed that Lord Ganesha himself has etched the Ananda Lahari on Mount Meru (Some people believe that Sage Pushpa Dhantha did the etching). It was read from there by Sage Goudapada who taught it to Adi Sankara
  2. Upacara (उपचर) is the name of an ancient king from the Solar dynasty ( sūryavaṃśa) and a descendant of Mahāsaṃmata, according to the Dīpavaṃśa and the Mahāvaṃśa. Upacara is known as Upakāru according to the Dulva (the Tibetan translation of the Vinaya of the Sarvāstivādins)
  3. 1. Indians Don't understand English & they have weird accent. 2. Indians still use bullock cart and elephants for travel. 3. Indians are poor. 4. All Indians are Hindu. 5. Indians are good at Maths. 6. India just have IT industry. 7. In India temp..
  4. mugddha-mandasmitO-dAravaktrasphurat-pUga-karpUra-tAmbUla-khaNDOtkarE jJAnamudrAkarE sarvasampatkarE padmabhAsvatkarE zrIkarE. kunda-puSpadyutisnigdha-dantAvalI-nirmalAlOla-kallOla-sammELa-nasmErazONAdharE cAruvINAdharE pakvabimbAdharE

Kashaya/Kashayalu Ingredients & Local Names » Wholesome Tale

Tímár Hungarian. Occupational name meaning tanner in Hungarian. Tinker English. Occupational name for a mender of kettles, pots and pans. The name could derive from the tinking sound made by light hammering on metal. It is possible that the word comes from the word tin, the material with which the tinker worked Tamboli तांबोळी Indian, Marathi From the Sanskrit word ताम्बूल (tambula) meaning betel leaves. These leaves are used in rituals and worship, and the name was originally given to a person who grew or sold them. 17 result Sanskrit Dictionary. IAST --------------------- Harvard-Kyoto ITRANS SLP1 देवनागरी. Sanskrit English Afrikaans Albanian Arabic Belarusian Bulgarian Catalan Chinese (Simplified) Chinese (Traditional) Croatian Czech Danish Dutch Esperanto Estonian Filipino Finnish French Galician German Greek Haitian Creole Hebrew Hindi Hungarian. T is for touching, the way you show you are. A is for adorable, how precious. M is for mystery, the part of you that cannot be explained. U is for useful, always to others. L is for luxury, the luxury of your smile. A is for activities, for you have many. Back to Top

This year, the Ganesha Chaturthi puja will be observed on Saturday, August 22, 2020. The Lord Ganesha murti sthapana is performed during the Chaturthi Tithi. This year, the Ganesha Chaturthi Tithi. Meaning: Engage in collective singing of names of Lord zrI raghuvIra - who has abundant arrows - and the Son of King dazaratha. Abhorring evilsome desires and leaving all acts of speaking ill of others, engage in collective singing of names of Lord zrI raghuvIra South India tambula kodi conveys the same meaning. The origin of its use fades into antiquity and is lost in the dim past of the prehistoric periods. The chief constituents of pan are betel nut, betel leaf and quicklime, the inevitable three apices of the pan triangle; Forster calls them pan's trinity. The othe The auspicious episodes of your glory provide worth and value to your Devotees; such merits are derived due to the attainment of good results of previous births; merely hearing and extolling your magnificence would be commendable; Pulomajarchita or the wife of Indra worshipped You to avoid the torments faced by Nahusha the short time Indra, you.

A tabla is a pair of twin hand drums from the Indian subcontinent.Since the 18th century, tabla has been the principal percussion instrument in Hindustani classical music, where it may be played solo, as accompaniment with other instrument and vocals, and as a part of larger ensembles. Tabla is also frequently played in popular and folk music performances in India, Bangladesh, Pakistan, Nepal. Saraswati Puja Vidhi. We are giving detailed Saraswati Puja Vidhi which can be performed during all Saraswati Puja including Vasant Panchami.Vasant Panchami is also known as Shri Panchami and it is the most significant day to worship and seek the blessings of Goddess of arts, knowledge and wisdom.. This Puja Vidhi is given for new Pratima or Murti (मूति॔) of Goddess Saraswati Shiva Pujan Vidhi. Lord Shiva is worshipped with all sixteen rituals along with chanting of Puranik Mantras during Shivaratri and other ocassions related to Lord Shiva. Worshipping Gods and Goddesses with all 16 rituals is known as Shodashopachara Puja (षोडशोपचार पूजा). 1. Dhyanam (ध्यानम् Bengaluru is the site of science and engineering . But there are a few dantakathegalu of myths have been told by elders. 1. The malleswara linga iof kadumslleswsra swami devasthana is really divine and swayambhu . It was hot when certain traveller.. Language: Kannada pallavi IgluppavaDisidLu indirAdEvi caraNam 1 kaDekaNNa angaiyindalorasuta saDilida turuba bigidu kaTTuda naDuvinoDyANava naTaneyim tiruvuta kaDada kankaNa baLe karadi ghallenuta caraNam 2 kUrugurugAyavanu kone beraLalottuta hArada toDaganu biccihAkuta jArida jAjidaNDe saravanIDADuta moreya kirupevara munjeragilorasuta caraNam

betel leaf in kannada. The two families exchange plates filled with betel leaves and betel nuts. After chewing, it is either spat out or swallowed. The Bible is not a medical textbook, and it does not specifically mention. Quality: Usage Frequency: 2 Betel leaf for cough and sore throat: Mix 5 ml of juice of betel leaves in a glass of warm. abroad. In Indian subcontinent it is known as pan in Hindi, Tambula in Sanskrit, Villayadela in Kannada, Vettilakkoti in Malyalam, Vettilai in Tamil, Tamalapaku in Telugu, Videch-pan in Marathi, Nagarbel in Gujrati and pan in Bangala. In foreign languages it is known as Tanbol in Arabic and Burg-e-Tanbol in Persian. It belong The given Puja Vidhi includes all sixteen steps which are part of Shodashopachara Durga Puja Vidhi. Puja begins with the meditation and invocation of Goddess Durga. One should chant the following Mantra in front of Devi Durga Murti, by showing Avahan Mudra (Avahana Mudra is formed by joining both palms and folding both thumbs inwards) Meaning: Whatever has been offered with devotion-the leaf, the flower, the water, the fruit, the food offering-please accept it out of Your causeless mercy. Now offer Tambula (Paan with betel nuts) to Lord Ganesha while chanting following Mantra. (in Kannada) filled with pure water. d) A silver argya patre with Uddarane. e) Mahaa. Profile. The Tamboli or Tambuli (also Barai) derive their name from the Sanskrit term for 'betal leaves' (tambula). Tambul or betal leaf packing has commonly been the primary source of income for thousands of Tamboli as they bundle and sell the betalnut and betal leaf product. The Tamboli live in India, Pakistan, Nepal and Bangladesh

47 Common Indian Surnames - Tez Kode

  1. Thyagaraja Vaibhavam. In the kRti 'cUtAmu rArE' - rAga kApi, SrI tyAgarAja describes the ecstasy of gOpis as seen by the celestial damsels. O Fine Toothed damsels! Come, today let us watch this spectacle. All the (gOpi) girls are dancing in the boat, united with hari who is rare even for indra and others
  2. Known as tambula in Sanskrit, the word owes its origin to the term 'tamra' that denotes copper which is red-colored. The red color is because of the catechu or kattha. In other regional languages in India the betel leaf is known as pan, nag ve, vetta or vettila
  3. In Lalita Sahasranama, there is a verse- tambula purita mukhi meaning, one whose mouth is full of chewing betel. Betel leaves referenced in text. The use of betel leaves is mentioned in Charaka and Sushruta Samhitas, Astanga Hrudayam and Kashyapa Bhojanakalpa
  4. Ganesh Chathurthi, a popular Hindu festival, also known as Vinaayaka Chathurthi, is celebrated all over India, especially in Maharashtra. This is a ten day festival beginning on the fourth day (Shukla Chathurthi) and ending on the fourteenth day of the waxing moon period (Anant Chaturdashi) in the month of Bhadrapada (mid-August-mid September)
  5. O Great Goddess, let me imagine that I am one with Your glorious red form, surrounded by the golden rays from anima and the other eight divine glories,holding the noose and the goad, the bow and the arrows of flowers, with eyes in which rise waves of compassion! 1000 Names with Meaning. 1. Om sri matre namah
  6. T R I T I Y A P A R I C C H E D A ( P U R V A B H A A G A ) SAMSKARAAS. Pradhama Rajo Darshana. While the 'Prathama Pariccheda' of Dharma Sindhu described noramal Tithi and such other 'nirnayaas' and the Dwiteeya Pariccheda delineated the Month-wise and other special aspects by way of a Ground-Work references, the Purva Bhaaga of the Threteeya Pariccheda seeks to intricate details of.
  7. Bon voyage / have a good journey in many languages. Jump to phrases. How to wish people a good or safe journey. The phrase, bon voyage, is used in English without change, though the pronunciation is quite like the French

Adhika Masa is the thirteenth month in a Calender year followed by Lunar Calender,i.e., Chandramana reethya. It is not followed by those who are following Solar Calender, i.e., Sourmaana Reethya. As per Chandramaana reethya, we have 354 days in a calendar year. But as per Souramana reethya, (Solar Calender) we have 365 days The sahasranama also mentions how to meditate on the various centres of consciousness (chakras) in one's body. Kundalini, meaning coiled up, ordinarly resides in the muladhara chakra, at the base of spine, and when it rises to the sahasrAra chakra at the top of the head, one becomes aware of the ultimate reality

Raam Navami is one of the oldest festivals celebrated in India. It is said that the date of Raam Navami can be seen back to the pre-Christian era, as Hinduism is the oldest religion of the world. The reference of Raam Navami can also be found in the Kalika puran SIGNIFICANCE OF BETEL LEAF(pan) IN HINDU CUSTOMS & HEALTH BENEFITS - The betel plant is an evergreen creeper, with heart-shaped leaves. It belongs to the family of Piperaceae, which includes. 39) While offering / receiving tAMbUla - pradyumna / vAsudEva. 40) While sleeping (lying) - saMkaRShaNa viShNu rUpa. 41) While getting up from sleep - padmanAbha rUpa. 42) While listening to stories - vyAsa, kR^iShNa & hayagrIva rUpa-s. 43) While singing - laxmIkAMta (yOgEshvara) 44) While giving daxiNE - laxmIpat Meaning of all this is that caste differences were created by man and Manu in the name of gods. The slokas ended with a refrain, ' man īş ā mama-- This is my conviction or thought. that essentially said that anyone, be a Chandala or Brahmana, who was learned enough to look at phenomena in the light of Advaita ( Monism ), was his guru

What does katonda mean? - Definitions

Another holy place in Gurupur is the Shri Satyadevatha Dharmadevatha Mandir, the abode of the incarnation of Goddess Lakshmi in Kaliyug. Shri Satyadevatha has her origins in the holy place of Katil. Centuries ago a Gowda Saraswat Brahmin family which migrated to the Tulunaadu found refuge in the small town of Katil Piper betle (P. betle) is called by different names in India i.e. Pan in Hindi, Tambula in Sanskrit, Villayadela in Kannada, Vettilakkoti in Malayalam, Vettilai in Tamil, Tamalapaku in Telugu, Videch-pan in Marathi, Nagarbel in Gujrati, Pan in Bangala also called Tanbol in Arabic and Burg-e-Tanbol in Persian

Intambula in English

We keep adding meaning and other info to all names. So keep visiting again . to get this name's meaning and other information. Search Ends When Sharing Starts If you already know the meaning of Tambudzayi in English or in any other language, Please contribute that will helpful for other users, also you can edit any data like gender, pronunciation and origin to improve accuracy We keep adding meaning and other info to all names. So keep visiting again . to get this name's meaning and other information. Search Ends When Sharing Starts If you already know the meaning of Tambudzai in English or in any other language, Please contribute that will helpful for other users, also you can edit any data like gender, pronunciation and origin to improve accuracy Meaning :I worship the lifter of Govardhana Hill, Who has the beautiful form of a cowherd boy, and who continually plays with the gopas. He is the Lord of Gokula wherein everyday is a festival. Universal On line Matrimonial Service exclusively for MADHWA Brahmans.(Estd.in 2009)By the Grace of Almighty and Divine blessing of our. The Prestige of the Music of Mysore State. Around 1925-26, I had been to Delhi to undertake a political study--to gain knowledge about the condition, status, and the future of India's Princely States. I met Captain Ajab Khan to gather information about the army and other personnel employed by the Princely States. Ajab Khan hailed from Punjab

Ganesh Chaturthi (गणेश चतुर्थी, ಗನೆಶ ಚತುರ್ಥೀ, వినాయక చతుర్ది) Ganesha Chaturthi , also known as Vinayaka Chaturthi is the birthday of Lord Ganesha, the god of wisdom, prosperity , good fortune and the one who removes obstrucles in life. The festival is celebrated for 10 days. Request meaning of the below krithi Dasha shata daLa. rAgA: hamsanAda. Adi tALA. P: dasha shata daLa sarOjAsanE tridashAdi trimUrti vandya pAvanI A: dasha dishAmOda tAmbUla smitAnanE dishakara prEma dIpita shubhAnganE C: shashadhara kOTi prabhAkari sundari dasah kaNTha damana divya sOdari VishadAcalakula vimala lalAmE vishvEshvara vAma vimarsha. many astrology books. in the left column you have several links to PDF files each one is a jyotish book, titles are not displayed in the link, but, if you want to know before you download, right click on the PDF link , click copy and paste in word or in another web-browser tab ; the name of the book will appea Nerala Hejje is a Kannada poetry anthology by Tejaswi A C. The title means shadow of the footsteps. It has the poems written at different phases of the poet's life. The theme varies from childhood of his own and his son's, his schooldays and college days, work life, married life, etc

Worshipping Gods and Goddesses with all 16 rituals is known as Shodashopachara Puja (षोडशोपचार पूजा). 1. Dhyanam (ध्यानम्) Puja should begin with the meditation of Lord Shiva. Dhyana should be done in front of Shivalinga. Following Mantra should be chanted while meditating on Lord Shiva-. Dhyayennityam. Srimad bhagavata mahatmyam. Srimad Bhagavatam is the king of all Puranas. Removes ignorance, confers knowledge and devotion in The Lord and also vairagya or dispassion in all worldly attractions. Removes illusions that keep entangling with the cycle of death & birth. It brings happiness Disclamiar: You can use these Sanskrit names as a nick names or official names because it's a compilation of all the names and you can choose names between short and long and choose whether you want it for nick name or official also these Sanskrit baby girl names Starting with 'T' Letter with Meaning list a collected from various sources so we can't take responsibility of authenticity Check Pages 451 - 475 of English vachana new in the flip PDF version. English vachana new was published by Shiva Prasad on 2017-04-03. Find more similar flip PDFs like English vachana new. Download English vachana new PDF for free religious meaning l religious in india. It is known from the event of 'Kumara', that the world can't bear the cost of the joys of hardship right now. The explanation is, 'There is constantly an approach to acknowledge dreams. On the off chance that we have the vision and diligence to discover the way, we will have achievement, said.

Kannada dictionary online The Lumber Roo

Soundarya Lahari All Shlokas Meaning & The Result of

Upacara, Upacāra, Upācāra: 24 definition

What are some myths about Indians in foreign countries

'Kuzhi', meaning a pit because the soil is dug out from the ground of the structure. Generally a ''Kalari'' is 42 feet long and 21 feet wide, the enclosing space dug out to a depth of about 6 feet. It is protected from the heavy rain and the sun by a gabled roof, which is thatched by plaited coconut leaves or palm leaves Tambula Ranjita Mukharavinda Manda Smita Hasa Mukharavinda Nithya Manohara Mukharavinda Sathchitthanandha Mukharavinda Sai Mukunda Mukharavinda Meaning: Merciful supreme Guru Sathya Sai is our father and mother. He is the Mother of Vedas, Upanishads and Bhagavad Geetha lyrics and meaning of annamacharya kriti - lalanuchunucheru. Place to go if you want to ask someone identify raga, tala, composer etc or ask for sāhitya (lyrics) or notations or translations. lalita tAmbUla rasakalitambulaina taLuku dantamulu kempula gumpulIna ↳ Kannada ↳ Telugu ↳ Malayalam ↳ Hindi ↳ Sanskrit Farvel så længe ( Farewell so long) - frm. Hej hej (inf) Vi ses ( See you) Ha' en god dag ( Have a good day) Hav det godt ( Have a good one) På gensyn ( See you later) Pas på dig selv ( Take care of yourself) Dari. (Xudâ hâfez) خدا حافظ Meaning : May we meditate on the DIVINE, whose body has the red hue of vermilion, who has three eyes, Who wears a beautiful crown studded with rubies, who is adorned with the crescent moon, Who face sports beautiful smile indicating compassion, who has a beautiful limbs, whose hands holds a jewel studded golden vessel filled with nectar, and in.

by Akkamahadevi. Translated by A. K. Ramanujan. With the Vachana movement, Kannada language broke the traditions of court poetry and opened avenues to one and all who aspired to express his/her inner soul. The Vachanas even to this day have become the common man's literature. Like waters flowing to a dry bed, like rain falling on parched twigs. This story is contained in the first 84 names of the first 34 slokas of Lalitha Sahasra nama .and all together contains one thousand names. This is also called the Rahasya Nama Sahasra(the thousand secret names). Reading it, meditating on the meaning of the names would lead to the fulfillment of all the wishes of the devotees

Shyamala Dandakam - StotraSamhit

Take a small silver plate,put rice in that ,spread it,keep a small silver thaali (chombu) pour water and put some mantrakshathe kaalu,keep 2 or 5 ville dellae with the tip facing up,and put a flower garland to chombu. In the middle of thaali put a sunnada patte. Place a small mirror in front of the chombu Lalita Sahasranamam is also known as the Rahasya Nama Sahasra (the thousand secret names). Lalitha Sahasra Namam is a very powerful slokha chanting it and meditating it on the meaning of the 1000 names of Goddess Lalitha will ward off all evils and would lead to the fulfillment of all the wishes of the devotees Soundarya Lahari meaning waves of beauty consists of two parts viz. Ananda Lahari meaning waves of happiness (first 41 stanzas) and Soundarya Lahari (the next 59 stanzas). It is believed that Lord Ganesha himself has etched the Ananda Lahari on Mount Meru. (Some people believe that Sage Pushpa Dhantha did the etching)

Surnames via Occupations (page 4) - Behind the Nam

The word puja meaning worship signifies fulfillment of the prescribed rituals (puryante sarva karmani) and realization of the divine (jayate jnanam atmani). Puja is described in several ways in the Sanskrit lexicon Amara kosha. It says puja is synonymous with saparya, archa, varivasya, parichaya and upasana. All the terms meaning worship known as pan in Hindi, Tambula in Sanskrit, Villayadela in Kannada, Vettilakkoti in Malyalam, Vettilai in Tamil, Tamalapaku in Telugu, Videch-pan in Marathi, Nagarbel i Information such as. (1)time taken by farmers and their expenses and profits, labour, time, etc. (2) profit per kg of silk cocoons made by the buyers. (3) time, type of labour, profits and losses, inputs of the cocoon-boiling stage. (4)Details of expenses and profits of the thread making and thread dyeing stage Bidriware. Bidriware (Kannada: ಬಿದ್ರಿ ಕಲೆ ) is a metal handicraft that originated in Bidar, Karnataka, in the 14th century C.E., during the rule of the Bahamani Sultans. The term 'Bidriware' originates from the township of Bidar, which is still the chief centre for the manufacture of the unique metalware The meaning of ghatika as a time measure or twenty-four minutes is well known throughout India. and the learned men studying in its agrahara and ghatika. The transformation of ghatika into Kannada ghalige had taken place by the 10th century. In the ghalige of Kalas, the Brahmins studied grammar, polity, literature, history, the great logic.

Marathi Surnames - Behind the Name - The Meaning and

names in India i.e. Pan in Hindi, Tambula in Sanskrit, Villayadela in Kannada, Vettilakkoti in Malayalam, Vettilai in Tamil, Tamalapaku in Telugu, Videch-pan in Marathi, Nagarbel in Gujrati, Pan in Bangala also called Tanbol in Arabic and Burg-e-Tanbol in Persian. (Thomas et al., 2013) [37]. The betel leaves ar 3. Bala has a Vrishya effect, meaning that it enhances the quality and quantity of reproductive fluids (Shukra Dhatu) for conception of healthy offspring. 4. It is a good Rasayana (Overall tonic and longevity enhancer). Ipomoea digitata (Vidarikand) : 1. It very good for increasing sexual ability. 2 Book review is translated into Kannada by Jagadeesh T S. Given below is the English translation of the book review given above. Review by Shwetha H S. Genre: Nonfiction, Short Stories, LGBTQ Imprint: Chanda Pustaka ISBN: 9789384908249. Vasudhendra is a software engineer turned writer who professes his love for his mother tongue Kannada the over expressive kannada film songs the crowd in hotels on weekends for me this tambula tray evokes happy feelings. A feeling of bounty and wellbeing. are fascinating. Just two lines convey a world of meaning. Read this one. The poet has changed just one word and the meaning of line two is the opposite of line one.just one word.

Sanskrit Dictionar

Ikmo, piper betle, betel leaf pepper - Herbal Medicine - An illustrated compilation of Philippine medicinal plants by Dr Godofredo Umali Stuart, including botanical information, chemical properties, folkloric uses and reserach studies Conclusion. Basavrajeeyam, a complete text book of Ayurveda is widely referred and adopted by many practitioners of south India. Pt Govardhana Sharma Changani in his introduction to the Sanskrit version of Basavarajeeyam exposed a historical profile of Basavrajeeyam picturising him as Basava who was a staunch follower of Veerashaivism and a contemporary of king Bijjala (end of 12 th cent A kalasha filled with rice and topped with fresh mango and betel leaves, a coconut smeared with haldi and kumkum and cloth are placed on the mandala and Lakshmi is invoked therein. After the worship of the kalasha, follows the worship of Ganesha, then the worship of the sacred thread Flora and fauna as a tool to study history. The Flora and fauna in support of Jat antiquity can be a tool to study the antiquity of Jat race in absence of any written history. The ancient and prehistoric man has lived in symbiosis with the environment. In the neolithic age, primitive man lived in dense forests, on trees or in natural caves, and. What The Majority Sinhalese Must Know. The majority Sinhalese (74% of the population) have been carefully and deliberately shielded from reality by manipulation of the media by Sinhalese politicians, and ethno-religious bigots, especially the Buddhist monks, playing to the chauvinist gallery. The Sinhalese have been fed with myths and legends.

The meaning of Shiva Ling varies according to the uses, marks, signs and characteristic to gender. Some of the meanings are given as: It is a mark, token, sign, an emblem, a badge, symbol, distinguishing mark and characteristic. It is an unreal mark, an appearance, disguise, a deceptive symbol Basavarajeeyam: A historical perspective. Basavarajeeyam is an important handbook for an Ayurvedic physician of Andhra region. It is a bilingual work and the content was presented in Sanskrit and Telugu languages. With regard to the place and date of Basavarajeeyam there is no common opinion among the present day scholars The literal meaning of the word Pancharatra is 'that which is connected with five nights'. Lord Kesava (Visnu or Narayana) is said to have taught this esoteric science to Ananta, Garuda, Visvaksena, Brahma and Rudra over five nights (Pancha = five; ratra = night). The word ratra also means jnana, wisdom or knowledge